Muscadine Grape Varieties for Florida



From the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida


Florida Grape Varieties Produced at FAES (Florida Agricultural Experiment Station)

Varieties Date of Release
'Dixie' (with NC State Univ.) 1976
'Welder' 1977
'Alachua' 1990
'Florida Fry' 1995
'Eudora' 2006
'Delicious' 2009
'Southern Jewel'  2007
'Southern Home'*, 'Florida Fry' 1994
*'Southern Home' is a hybrid between bunch and muscadine grape, but it resembles muscadine



Recommended Cultivars for Fresh Market

'Black Beauty'
'Black Beauty' is a pistillate cultivar that is patented. It produces an attractive, very large, black berry grape of high overall quality. Berries are crunchy when ripe. It has a medium-high % dry stem scar. Vine vigor and yield are moderate, and harvest is mid season.

'Black Fry'
Black Fry is a pistillate cultivar that is patented. It produces a Beautiful, big 1 1/4 inch dusty black fruit that is very sweet. . Berries have a medium % dry stem scar. Vine vigor and yield are in the moderate range. Harvest is early to mid-season. It is reported to have leaf disease problems (Krewer 2000).
Good fresh or for jelly. Patent #5824. 20% sugar. Ripens mid to late September. Needs pollination.
Zones 7-9A
 
'Fry'
Fry is the most popular muscadine grape cultivar. It is female and produces a very large, bronze grape (up to 1 3/8") with excellent quality even before fully ripe. Yield, vigor and disease resistance are moderate. Very large clusters and super sweet. 21% sugar. The period from first ripening to last ripening can extend to 6 weeks.
Zones 8-10.

'Granny Val'
'Granny Val' is patented and produces an extremely heavy yield and extends the harvest season into late September and October. In some years, it can overproduce and stress the vine. Berries are bronze, but are not quite as large or sweet as Fry. It has a high % dry stem scar when fully ripe. Cordon dieback has been a problem. Due to tendency to overcrop, 'Granny Val' should be pruned to 2 node spurs.
If you want high yield this is the one. The heaviest producing variety, it yields multitudes of high quality bronze fruit. 16% sugar. Ripens mid to late September. Self-fertile.
Zones 7-9A

'Farrer'
Farrer is a patented cultivar. It is a female cultivar that has produced well at the NFREC-Monticello. It produces a large, purple grape that is somewhat more elongated and much sweeter than Jumbo.

'Ison'
'Ison' is a patented, self-fertile cultivar that produces a moderate to large, black grape. Yields are said to be high, although we have not seen quantitative data. Harvest season is early and vine vigor is high.

'Pam'
'Pam' is patented. It is a pistillate cultivar that produces a very large, yellowish bronze grape with a mild muscadine flavor. It has a good flavor and is attractive. Yield is moderate and vine vigor is high. Harvest is mid-season.

'Pineapple'
Pineapple is patented. It is self-fertile and produces a medium-large, bronze grape. Vine vigor and yield are moderate and harvest season is mid- to late-season. It may have a tendency to over-crop. It is reported to have a pineapple flavor, but it was hard for the author to detect.

'Polyanna'
'Polyanna' is self-fertile and produces a medium-large, dark purple grape. Yields have been rated moderate to high. Berry flavor is very sweet and berries are attractive. It has a high % dry stem scar. Vigor is medium-high and harvest season is medium to late. Polyanna has potential as a pollenizer for pistillate cultivars.

'Southern Home'
'Southern Home' is a patented, interspecific V. rotundifolia x V. vinifera hybrid that has considerable ornamental value owing to a bilaterally convex leaf with deeply cut sinuses. It produces a black berry with a cluster size of about 12. Berry size is medium, and berry flavor is non-muscadine. Yield is moderate to high, and ripening period is from August to November.
Excellent red wine grape if you're inclined.. Beautiful, oak-shaped leaves. Patent #9454. 18% sugar. Self-fertile.
Zones 7-9A.

'Summit'
'Summit' is an excellent fresh market bronze cultivar. It is a pistillate cultivar that produces a medium-large grape that is very sweet. Vigor is high and yield is moderate to high. Yields and disease resistance are higher than those for Fry, although berry size is slightly smaller.
Excellent fresh eating grape. 20% sugar. Ripens early to mid September. Vines produce only female flowers, requiring a pollenizer.
Zones 7-10.

'Supreme'
'Supreme' is patented and it is a pistillate cultivar. It produces a very large, dark purple grape that is very sweet. Yields have been high in southern Georgia. It is low in vigor and vine mortality may occur if vines are allowed to over produce. Vines should be pruned to 2 node spurs to avoid over-cropping. Harvest is mid- to late-season.

'Sweet Jenny'
'Sweet Jenny' is a patented cultivar. It is pistillate and produces a very large, bronze grape early in the season. Vine vigor and yield
are moderate. Disease resistance has been reported to be low to moderate, and berry blemishes were more apparent than on other cultivars.

'Tara'
'Tara' is a self-fertile cultivar that produces a large bronze skinned variety with a spicy sweet flavor. Great fresh or juiced out. Vine vigor
and yield are moderate. It has an early- to mid-season harvest. 'Tara' has a dry stem scar. Tara has potential as a pollenizer for pistillate cultivars.
Good disease resistance. 17% sugar. Ripens mid September. Self-fertile.
Zones 7-9A.

 
Recommended Muscadine Cultivars
for Processing into Wine, Juice and Jellies

'Alachua'
'Alachua' produces a medium-sized black berry. Vines are self-fertile, productive and medium-high in vigor. Berries ripen uniformly mid-season. Berries have a medium-high % dry stem scar. The fresh market potential of Alachua is limited due to lack of a competitively sized berry.
Premier fresh eating and wine grape. Medium size black grape is sweet and juicy. Excellent production. 18% sugar. Ripens September-October. Self-fertile.
Zones 7-10.

'Carlos'
'Carlos' is an extremely heavy producer of medium-sized, bronze grapes. It is self- fertile and will provide the tonnage and quality required for juice or wine production. Carlos is the number one bronze juice or wine grape in the southeastern United States. In years of heavy production and/or drought or mineral stress, it has shown symptoms of Pierces disease.
One of our best pollinator grapes. Produces lots of small, 1/2 inch bronze fruit. Excellent for jelly and wines. 16% sugar. Ripens mid to late September. Self-fertile.
Zones 7-9A.

'Noble'
'Noble' is the most popular red muscadine grape for wine or juice production. It is self-fertile. Yields and disease resistance are high, and berry ripening is fairly uniform. Flavor is less musky than most muscadine grapes. Good color stability. Good wine grape.
Blend with Southland for a pink Chablis, very productive. 18% sugar. Ripens mid to late September. Self-fertile.
Zones 7-9A.

'Welder'
'Welder' is a bronze grape that also produces a good juice and wine. Yield is moderate, and the berry ripening period can be very extended such that three harvests may be required.


Fresh Market Muscadine Cultivars
Recommended for Trial:

'African Queen'
'African Queen' is patented. It is a pistillate cultivar that produces a large, black grape. Quantitative yield data are lacking for Florida, although yield has been erratic in southern Georgia. It ripens mid season and has a dry scar.

'Big Red'
'Big Red' is patented. It is a female cultivar that produces a very large, red grape. Quantitative yield data are lacking for Florida, although yields have been erratic in southern Georgia. Vigor is very low. It ripens mid to late season and percentage dry scar is high.

'Creek'
'Creek' produces a small, purple berry that is higher in acid than most muscadine grape cultivars. Berries have a low % dry stem scar. Vine vigor and yield are moderately high and ripening season is late. Color stability for juice or wine has not been tested to our knowledge.

'Darlene'
'Darlene' is a patented cultivar. It is a pistillate cultivar that produces a very large, pink grape. It ripens early to mid season and vine vigor is high. Quantitative yield data are lacking for Florida, although yields have been erratic in southern Georgia.
 
'Doreen'
'Doreen' is reported to be one of the best cultivars for juice production. Another tasty grape from North Carolina and one of the best muscadines for juice production. Doreen produces large crops of small to medium sized black grapes. Great for jellies and wine making too. 18% sugar. Ripens early October. Self fertile.
Zones 7-10.

'Early Fry'
This is a patented cultivar that resembles 'Fry', but ripens earlier. It is a pistillate cultivar that produces a dark bronze fruit. Vine vigor and yield were rated low in north Florida, although yield estimates appear high in southern Georgia (Krewer 2000).

'Florida Fry'
Florida Fry is self-fertile and produces a medium-large, bronze grape. It is sweet and has a dry stem scar. Harvest season is mid- to late-season. Vine vigor is moderate. Yield is expected to be moderate to high, but quantitative yield data are lacking.

'Golden Isles'
'Golden Isles' is a self-fertile cultivar that ripens mid season. Berries are small to medium in size and taste is non muscadine for a muscadine grape. Quantitative yield data has not been collected for Florida.

'Nesbitt'
'Nesbitt' produces a black grape that is medium-large in size. Yields are high and crop is late to mid season. This is a multi-use grape for fresh market or processing.
Zones 7-10.




Hardiness Zone Map of Florida


The University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Science (UF-IFAS) tabulates chill hours (as opposed to average minimum temperature) in more detail for Florida and their map can be used to identify the expected range of chill hours for areas in Florida. Be sure to match your plants by Hardiness Zone and by chill hours if you live in Florida!

Minimum Overnight Temperature ext. link

Further Reading
'Dixie': A Bronze Muscadine Grape Variety from the University of Florida and North Carolina State University pdf 7 pages
‘Delicious’: An Early-ripening, Self-fertile, Multipurpose Black-fruited Muscadine Grape from MREC University of Florida pdf 
‘Southern Jewel’: A Self-fertile, Black Muscadine Grape with Fruit Produced on Bunches from MREC University of Florida pdf 4 pages
'Southern Home': An Interspecific Hybrid Grape with Ornamental Value from the University of Florida MREC/IFAS pdf
'Alachua' Muscadine Grape from MREC University of Florida pdf 6 pages
'Florida Fry': A Bronze Muscadine Grape from MREC University of Florida pdf
University of Georgia Muscadine Evaluation pdf 17 pages
Commercial Fresh Market Wine, Juice, and Jelly Grape Cultivars for Florida, 2015 from the University of Florida pdf
Muscadine Grape Breeding Program at the University of Georgia ext. link



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Bibliography

Andersen, Peter C., Crocker, Timothy E. and Breman, Jacque. "The Muscadine Grape." edis.ifas.ufl.edu. This document is HS763, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Publication June 2003. Revised Oct. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2014.

Published 8 Nov. 2014 LR. Last update 18 Aug 2016 LR
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