Family: Clusiaceae (alt. Guttiferae)
Common Names: bacuripari, bacuripari-verdadeiro, bacuri, bacuri-da-varzea in Brazil 3; charichuela in Peru. 2
Synonym: Garcinia macrophylla (Mart.) Planch. & Triana 3
The bacuripari is native to the Amazonian lowlands, Surinam and Brazil to northern Peruwhere it grows as an understory tree. 1
a pyramidal tree, 26 to 40 ft (8-12 m) tall, with stiff, leathery,
lanceolate-oblong or broad-lanceolate leaves, 12 to 18 in (30-45 cm)
long and 3 to 7 in (8-18 cm) wide, pointed at both ends, with numerous
lateral, nearly horizontal veins. New foliage is maroon. The
4-petalled, male and female flowers are home in small axillary clusters
on separate trees, the male on delicate stalks to 1 1/2 in (4 cm) long
and having numerous stamens, the female on thick, short stalks and
sometimes having a few stamens with sterile anthers. 2
Trees are propagated by seed and may require 7 to 10 years to come into production. 1 Seeds have remained viable for 2 to 3 weeks but require several weeks to germinate. 2
variable in shape, averaging 4 to 5 cm in diameter and 5 to 6 cm in
length. The fruit have a thick, hard outer wall containing a bitter
latex, as in bacurí. Inside the hard shell is a white, creamy flesh
surrounding 3 to 4 large seeds. The flesh is scanty in comparison to
mangosteen or bacurí. The bacuripari is outstanding because it grows
and produces a significant crop in shaded conditions (Campbell 1983).
The trees are also tolerant of full sun and wind exposure, making them
more adaptable to varied climates than the mangosteen. There is
considerable variation in fruit quality among bacuripari from different
regions of South America, and there may be different species involved. 1
The fruit is not much esteemed but widely eaten and sold in native
markets. The bacuripari was introduced into Florida in 1962 and planted
at the Agricultural Research and Education Center in Homestead, at
Fairchild Tropical Garden and in several private gardens. One tree
fruited in 1970, another in 1972, and the latter has continued to bear.
Young specimens have been killed by drops in temperature to 29º to 30º
F (-1.67º--1.11º C). Older trees have been little harmed by 27º to 28º
F (-2.78º--2.22º C). The tree is accustomed to light-to moderate-shade.
In Brazil, the tree blooms from August to November and the fruits
mature from December to May. In Florida, flowers appear in April and
May and a second time in August and September, and the fruits are in
season from May to August and again in October and November. Some 15-to
20-year-old trees have produced 100 to 200 fruits when there have been
no adverse weather conditions. 2
Wherever bacurí, bacuripari or other Rheedia
sp. are grown, the flavor is considered excellent. Although not
superior to mangosteen in terms of flavor or edible flesh percentage,
these other species have better adaptation to varied climatic and
edaphic conditions, allowing for their production in many regions. The
latex in both of these fruit can be a major obstacle to
commercialization, because those unfamiliar with the consumption of
these fruit are likely to ingest it, leading to an unpleasant taste
experience. Silva (1991) reports that bacurí fruit can be stored a few
days after harvest to reduce the amount of latex in the fruit. There
has been little selection for superior clones among either bacurí or
bacuripari, although there is considerable variation present among
seedling trees. 1
Check our List of Growers & Vendors
Campbell, R.J. 1996. "South American fruits deserving further
attention". hort.purdue.edu/newcrop. J. Janick (ed.), Progress in new crops, p. 431-439.
ASHS Press, Arlington, VA. Web. 14 March 2014.
2 Morton, J. "Bakupari." hort.purdue.edu.
Fruits of warm climates. p. 309–310. 1987. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.
3 Lorenzi, Harri, Bacher, Luis, Lacerda, Marco and Sartori, Sergio. Brazillian Fruits & Cultivated Exotics (for consuming in natura). Brazil. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA. 2006. Print.
Fig.1,2,4,10 Broson, Eric, I likE plants!Garcinia macrophylla. 2009. flickr.com. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.
Fig.6,7,8,9 Kwan. Garcinia macrophylla, Clusiaceae. 2010. natureloveyou.sg. Web. 12 March 2014.
Fig. 5 Khaiytarova, Marina. Garcinia megaphylla, Garcinia macrophylla, Rheedia macrophylla. N.d. toptropicals.com. Web. 13 March. 2014.
Published 12 Mar. 2014 LR. Updated 16 Feb. 2015 LR