Bakupari -  Garcinia brasiliensis Mart. *
Garcinia brasiliensis

 

There are over 240 Garcinia species, mostly from southeast Asia. Garcinia species from the Americas were once classified as Rheedia, but now all are considered Garcinia.

Sorting Garcinia Names from theMultilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database, University of Melbourne, Australia ext. link

Bakupari from Julia Morton's book Fruits of Warm Climates

Bakupari from W. Popenoe's book Manual of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits

 

Fruits well in deep shade

 

 

Fig. 1


Other Information

 

*This taxon is a little confused with Garcinia humilis. The confusion revolves in part around Rheedia laterifolia and Rheedia lateriflora. Indeed all these names could be synonymous. They have a common Spanish name "Achachairú", a Guraní Indian term which translates as “honey kiss”, also shared with other species as well. "There is a feeling" that Rheedia brasiliensis is a Brazilian species whilst Garcinia humilis is more of Bolivian origin. All this remained to be confirmed. 1

Family: Clusiaceae (alt. Guttiferae)

Synonyms: Garcinia brasiliensis (Mart.) Planch. & Triana, Rheedida floribunda "sensu" Engler, Rheedida floribunda "sensu" Miq., Garcinia brasiliensis Mart. forma major Mart.

Common names: English: bakupari, Spanish: achachairú, bakupari, pacura, guapomo, Portuguese (Brazil): bakupari, bacupary,bacupari-miudo, bacuparizinho 2

Related species: The mameyito, R. edulis Triana & Planch. (syn. Calophyllum edule Seem.), is also known as arrayan and palo de frutilla in Guatemala; waiki plum in Belize; chaparrón in El Salvador; caimito or caimito de montaña in Honduras; jorco in Costa Rica; sastra in Panama; berba in the Philippines. 2

Origin: Native to Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina. Cultivated sporadically in tropical regions.

Range: S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, eastern Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, French Guiana. Mainly found in secondary forests, by rivers, floodplains, coastal moist broad-leaved forests etc. 3

Habit: evergreen, very slow grower

Height: 15-30'
Leaves: short-petioled, ovate and leathery, growing to 6"
Flowers: profuse in axillary clusters, are polygamous
Fruit: ovate, pointed at the apex, sub-acid, excellent flavor
Season: January, February
Light Requirement: does well in shade

Description: The translucent sub-acid white pulp has an excellent flavor; one of the best fruits of its genus. The very attractive tree is pyramidal; is rich in yellow latex. The leaves are short-petioled, ovate, oblong-ovate or lanceolate, narrowed at the base, blunt or slightly pointed at the apex, and leathery. The flowers, profuse in axillary clusters, are polygamous. The fruit, ovate, pointed at the apex, may be 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 in long, with orange-yellow, pliable, leathery, tough skin, 1/8 in thick and easily removed. The aril-like pulp is white, translucent, soft, sub-acid, of excellent flavor, and encloses 2 rounded seeds. The tree grows wild in the state of Rio de Janeiro in southeastern Brazil and adjacent Paraguay; is rarely cultivated. It blooms in December and matures its fruit in January and February. The ripe fruit is mostly used in making sweetmeats or jam. The seeds contain 8 to 9 percent oil (by weight) which is used in Brazil in poultices on wounds, whitlows, tumors and, externally, over an enlarged liver. An infusion of the pulp has a narcotic action with an effect like that of nicotine. 2
 

Fruit Leaves Fruit
Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4

 

Fruit: The ripe fruit is mostly used in making sweetmeats or jam. 2  The aril-like translucent sub-acid white pulp has an excellent flavour, suggesting that of the mangosteen. A highly prized fruit, usually eaten fresh but also makes an excellent jam. The ovate fruit may be 32 - 40mm long, with an orange-yellow, pliable, leathery, tough skin, 3 mm thick that is easily removed. 4

Leaves: short-petioled, ovate, oblong-ovate or lanceolate, narrowed at the base, blunt or slightly pointed at the apex, and leathery. 3

Uses: The seeds contain 8 to 9% oil (by weight) which is used in Brazil in poultices on wounds, whitlows, tumors and, externally, over an enlarged liver. An infusion of the pulp has a narcotic action with an effect like that of nicotine. The root bark extract contains rheediaxanthone and a polyprenylated benzophenone, other lesser constituents, and 3 new prenylated xanthones. 2

 

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Bibliography

1 "Sorting Rheedia Names." plantnames.unimelb.edu.au. Web. 11 Jan. 2015.

2 Morton, J. "Bakupari." hort.purdue.edu. Fruits of warm climates, p. 309–310. 1987. Web. 1 June 2014.

3 "Garcinia brasiliensis." tropical.theferns.info. Web. 14 Jan. 2015.

4 Lorenzi, Harri, Bacher, Luis, Lacerda, Marco and Sartori, Sergio. Brazillian Fruits & Cultivated Exotics (for consuming in natura). Brazil. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA. 2006. Print.

Photographs

Fig. 1 Velazco, Carlos. Garcinia brasiliensis - Bacupari. 2004. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. crfg.org. Web. 1 June 2014.

Fig. 2,3 Rheedia brasiliensis, Rheedia laterifolia, Garcinia laterifolia. N.d. Top Tropicals Tropical Plant Catalog. toptropicals.com. Web. 1 June 2014.

Fig. 4 Mezzomo, Anestor. Garcinia brasiliensis - Clusiaceae - Bacupari. 2013. Florianopolis, SC, Brazil. crfg.org. Web. 1 June 2014.

Published Feb. 2014 LR. Updated 27 Apr. 2015 LR

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