Characteristics of West Indian, Guatemalan and Mexican Races of Avocados



From the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida


Race West Indian Guatemalan Mexican
Characteristics
Origin Tropical lowlands Tropical highlands Tropical highlands
Foliage No odor No odor Anise-scented
Blooming season February to March March to April January to February
Maturity season May to September September to January June to October
Development period (fruit set to maturity) 5 to 8 months 10 to 15 months 6 to 8 months
Fruit size 1 to 5 lbs
(0.5 to 2.3 kg)
½ to 5 lbs
(0.2 to 2.3 kg)
Not over 1 lb
(Not over 0.5 kg)
Skin texture Leathery-smooth Woody-rough Papery-smooth
Fruit oil content Low Moderate to High High
Cold hardiness
General rating 28 to 30°F 26 to 28°F 24 to 26°F
Young trees 28 to 30°F 26 to 28°F 24 to 26°F
Mature trees 25 to 30°F 24°F to 28°F 18 to 26°F
Tree response to freezing temperatures is influenced by tree health, stage of growth, and cultural practices. Hybrids of these races have intermediate characteristics.



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Bibliography

Crane, Johathan H., Balerdi, Carlos F. and Maquire, Ian. "Avocados Growing in the Home Landscape."  edis.ifas.ufl.edu. This document is Circular 1034, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. First published as FC-3: Mar. 1983. Revised Jan. 1998; Aug. 2001; rewritten May, 2003, Sept. 2005 and; revised Aug. 2007. Reviewed July 2013. Web. 11 Oct. 2014.

Published 11 Oct. 2014 LR. Reviewed 18 June 2016 KJ
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