Cabelluda, Yellow Jacoticaba - Myrciaria glazioviana Kiaersk.

Yellow jaboticabaCredit: © toptropicals.com

 

Tree: evergreen shrub, branches low, slow growth

Height: 10-20', multiple trunks

Canopy: dense

Leaves: chartaceous, white tomentose on inferior surface, margins curved under

Flowers: small, white, perfect and occur in axillary clusters

Fruit: round, yellow, pubescent, 1", 1-2 seeds

Season: March-May in Puerto Rico

Soil: moist but well drained, fertile, acid

Damage temp. 27F

Light Requirements: full sun to partial shade

Fig. 1

 

Other Information

Family: Myrtaceae

Common Names: Cabelluda, Yellow Jaboticaba; Cabeludinha,Cabeluda, Peludinha in Brazil

Origin: Brazil

Note: the following latin synonyms for Cabelluda - Eugenia cabelluda, Eugenia tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata, Paramyrciaria glomerata, Plinia glomerata - may be taxonomically incorrect, although in some sources excepted. Refer to pictures for better identification of this plant.

The Cabelluda is scarcely known outside of Brazil. It has been introduced recently into the United States, where it should succeed in California and Florida.

 

Flower Flower habit Leaves
Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4

 

Cabelluda is a large shrub or small tree, 10-20 feet in height, with multiple thin trunks, very handsome and of value as an ornamental plant. The young stems and leaves are pubescent. Small white flowers are perfect and occur in axillary clusters. Fruits are about 1 inch in diameter, round, yellow when fully ripe, pubescent, with one or two seeds. Cabelluda fruits are delicious. They resemble large gooseberries in appearance and are sweet and aromatic, with a flavor similar to apricot. These are eaten fresh, and can also be used for juices and jams. The fruits are very nutritive and rich in vitamins. Fruiting occurs in 2-3 years, when the plant is hardly 3-4 feet tall.

Cabelluda grows best in moist, fertile soils, and fruits well in full sun as well as partial shade. As a tropical tree, it is fairly cold tolerant and can withstand temperatures as low as upper 20's for a short period. Soft young leaves and twigs may get some cold damage, however even if severely damaged, in Spring the plant readily grows back from the roots.

Cabelluda is rare in plant collections, however it is popular in cultivation around Rio de Janeiro, Brazil where its fruit ripen in October-November, in Puerto Rico March-May.

 


Cross section Fruit and leaves Fruit and leaves
Fig. 5 Fig. 6 Fig. 7

 

Cabelluda is propagated by seed.  Seeds have a short viability. They should be planted as soon after picking the fruit. The seed might sprout between 80-100 days. Fruiting occurs in 2-3 years, when the tree is as small as 3 feet tall. 

 

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Bibliography

"Plinia glomerata, Myrciaria glazioviana, Eugenia cabelluda, Eugenia tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata, Paramyrciaria glomerata." toptropicals.com. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

Photographs

Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6  Plinia glomerata, Myrciaria glazioviana, Eugenia cabelluda, Eugenia tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata, Paramyrciaria glomerata. N.d. toptropicals.com. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

Fig. 7 Jaitt, Oscar. Yellow Jaboticaba or Cabelluda. N.d. fruitlovers.com. Web 30 Jan. 2015.

Published 30 Jan. 2015 LR

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