|Cabelluda, Yellow Jacoticaba - Myrciaria glazioviana (Kiaersk.) G.M.Barroso ex Sobral|
Fruit and leaves
Fruit and leaves
Plinia glomerata floiage
Myrciaria glazioviana (Kiaersk.) G.M.Barroso ex Sobral
Cabelluda, yellow jaboticaba; cabeludinha, cabeluda, peludinha in Brazil 3
Eugenia cabelludo var. glazioviana Kiaersk; Paramyrciaria glazioviana (Kiaersk.) Sobral 4
Marlierea edulis (cambuca), Myrciaria cauliflora and M. jaboticaba (jaboticaba), M. dubia (camu camu) and M. vexator (blue grape)
Probably native to Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais 3
USDA hardiness zones
10-15 ft (3-4.6 m)
Large, evergreen shrub or small tree 3
Multiple trunks; branches almost touch the ground 3
Chartaceous; white tomentose on inferior surface; margins curved under; 2.5-4.5 in. (6.4-11.4 cm) 3
Small, white, perfect and occur in axillary clusters
Round; yellow; pubescent; 1 in. (2.5 cm); 1-2 seeds
March-May in Puerto Rico
Full sun to partial shade
Moist but well drained, fertile, acid
Aerosol salt tolerance
Soil salt tolerance
Grows best in moist, fertile soils
Damage temp. 20°F (-6.6°C)
Invasive potential *
For years, this plant has been erroneously identified with the names Eugenia tomentosa Cambess, and Eugenia glomerata O. berg. which identify other plants. 3
The following latin synonyms for Cabelluda: Eugenia cabelluda, E. tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata, Paramyrciaria glomerata, Plinia glomerata - may be taxonomically incorrect, although in some sources excepted. Refer to pictures for better identification of this plant.
Native to Brazil
The Cabelluda is scarcely known outside of Brazil. It has been introduced recently into the United States, where it should succeed in California and Florida.
Cabelluda is a large shrub or small tree, 10-20 feet in height, with multiple thin trunks, very handsome and of value as an ornamental plant. The young stems and leaves are pubescent. Small white flowers are perfect and occur in axillary clusters. Fruiting occurs in 2-3 years, when the plant is hardly 3-4 feet tall.
Cabelluda is rare in plant collections, however it is popular in cultivation around Rio de Janeiro, Brazil where its fruit ripen in October-November, in Puerto Rico March-May. 1
Fruits are about 1 inch in diameter, round, yellow when fully ripe, pubescent, with one or two seeds. Cabelluda fruits are delicious. They resemble large gooseberries in appearance and are sweet and aromatic, with a flavor similar to apricot. The fruits are very nutritive and rich in vitamins. 1
Fig. 7. Ripe fruit on the yellow Jaboticaba Myrciara caufiflora. Unbelievable Acres Botanic Garden.
As a tropical tree, it is fairly cold tolerant and can withstand temperatures as low as upper 20's for a short period. Soft young leaves and twigs may get some cold damage, however even if severely damaged, in Spring the plant readily grows back from the roots. 1
Cabelluda is propagated by seed. Seeds have a short viability. They should be planted as soon after picking the fruit. The seed might sprout between 80-100 days. Fruiting occurs in 2-3 years, when the tree is as small as 3 feet tall. 1
Cabelluda fruits are delicious fresh, and can also be used for juices and jams.
List of Growers and Vendors
1 "Plinia glomerata, Myrciaria glazioviana, Eugenia cabelluda, Eugenia tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata, Paramyrciaria glomerata." toptropicals.com. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.
2 "Myrciaria glazioviana." tropical.theterns.info. Web. 4 Apr. 2017.
3 Lorenzi, Harri, Luis Bacher, Marco Lacerda and Sergio Sartori. Brazillian Fruits & Cultivated Exotics (for consuming in natura). Brazil. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA. 2006. Print.
4 "Myrciaria glazioviana (Kiaersk.) G.M.Barroso ex Sobral synonyms." The Plant List (2010). Version 1. theplantlist.org. Web. 4 apr. 2017.
Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6 Plinia glomerata, Myrciaria glazioviana, Eugenia cabelluda, Eugenia tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata, Paramyrciaria glomerata. N.d. toptropicals.com. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.
Fig. 7 Sample, Jane. Ripe fruit on the yellow Jaboticaba Myrciara caufiflora. Unbelievable Acres Botanic Garden. 2015. flickr.com. Web. 4 Apr. 2017.
Fig. 8 Jaitt, Oscar. Yellow Jaboticaba or Cabelluda. N.d. fruitlovers.com. Web 30 Jan. 2015.
Fig. 9 Rodrigues de Andrade, Juan Júnio. Plinia glomerata. 2013. commons.wikimedia.org. Public domain. Web. 4 Apr. 2017.
* UF/IFAS Assessment of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas
Published 30 Jan. 2015 LR. Last update 4 Apr. 2017 LR