Cabelluda, Yellow Jacoticaba - Myrciaria glazioviana (Kiaersk.) G.M.Barroso ex Sobral
Yellow jaboticaba
Fig. 1
Yellow jaboticaba

Cross section
Fig. 2 
Cross section

Leaves
Fig. 3 
Leaves

Flower
Fig. 4
Flower

Flower habit
Fig. 5 
Flower habit

Fruit and leaves
Fig. 6 
Fruit and leaves

Fruit and leaves
Fig. 8 
Fruit and leaves

Plinia glomerata floiage
Fig. 9 
Plinia glomerata floiage


Scientific name
Myrciaria glazioviana (Kiaersk.) G.M.Barroso ex Sobral
Common names
Cabelluda, yellow jaboticaba; cabeludinha, cabeluda, peludinha in Brazil 3
Synonyms
Eugenia cabelludo var. glazioviana Kiaersk; Paramyrciaria glazioviana (Kiaersk.) Sobral 4
Relatives
Marlierea edulis (cambuca), Myrciaria cauliflora and M. jaboticaba (jaboticaba), M. dubia (camu camu) and M. vexator (blue grape)
Family
Myrtaceae
Origin
Probably native to Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais 3
USDA hardiness zones
Tropical
Uses
Fruit
Height
10-15 ft (3-4.6 m)
Crown
Dense crown
Plant habit
Large, evergreen shrub or small tree 3
Growth rate
Slow growth
Trunk/bark/branches
Multiple trunks; branches almost touch the ground 3
Leaves
Chartaceous; white tomentose on inferior surface; margins curved under; 2.5-4.5 in. (6.4-11.4 cm) 3
Flower
Small, white, perfect and occur in axillary clusters
Fruit
Round; yellow; pubescent; 1 in. (2.5 cm); 1-2 seeds
Season
March-May in Puerto Rico
Light requirement
Full sun to partial shade
Soil tolerances
Moist but well drained, fertile, acid
Drought tolerance
Unknown
Aerosol salt tolerance
Unknown
Soil salt tolerance
Grows best in moist, fertile soils
Cold tolerance
Damage temp. 20°F (-6.6°C)
Invasive potential *
None reported
Pest resistance
Unknown
Known hazard
None



For years, this plant has been erroneously identified with the names Eugenia tomentosa Cambess, and Eugenia glomerata O. berg. which identify other plants. 3
The following latin synonyms for Cabelluda: Eugenia cabelluda, E. tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata, Paramyrciaria glomerata, Plinia glomerata - may be taxonomically incorrect, although in some sources excepted. Refer to pictures for better identification of this plant.

Origin
Native to Brazil
The Cabelluda is scarcely known outside of Brazil. It has been introduced recently into the United States, where it should succeed in California and Florida.

Description
Cabelluda is a large shrub or small tree, 10-20 feet in height, with multiple thin trunks, very handsome and of value as an ornamental plant. The young stems and leaves are pubescent. Small white flowers are perfect and occur in axillary clusters. Fruiting occurs in 2-3 years, when the plant is hardly 3-4 feet tall.
Cabelluda is rare in plant collections, however it is popular in cultivation around Rio de Janeiro, Brazil where its fruit ripen in October-November, in Puerto Rico March-May. 1

Fruit
Fruits are about 1 inch in diameter, round, yellow when fully ripe, pubescent, with one or two seeds. Cabelluda fruits are delicious. They resemble large gooseberries in appearance and are sweet and aromatic, with a flavor similar to apricot. The fruits are very nutritive and rich in vitamins. 1
Ripe fruit on the yellow Jaboticaba Myrciara caufiflora. Unbelievable Acres Botanic Garden.
Fig. 7 

Fig. 7. Ripe fruit on the yellow Jaboticaba Myrciara caufiflora. Unbelievable Acres Botanic Garden.

Cold tolerance
As a tropical tree, it is fairly cold tolerant and can withstand temperatures as low as upper 20's for a short period. Soft young leaves and twigs may get some cold damage, however even if severely damaged, in Spring the plant readily grows back from the roots. 1

Propagation
Cabelluda is propagated by seed. Seeds have a short viability. They should be planted as soon after picking the fruit. The seed might sprout between 80-100 days. Fruiting occurs in 2-3 years, when the tree is as small as 3 feet tall. 1

Food Uses
Cabelluda fruits are delicious fresh, and can also be used for juices and jams.


List of Growers and Vendors


Bibliography

1 "Plinia glomerata, Myrciaria glazioviana, Eugenia cabelluda, Eugenia tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata, Paramyrciaria glomerata." toptropicals.com. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.
2 "Myrciaria glazioviana." tropical.theterns.info. Web. 4 Apr. 2017.
3 Lorenzi, Harri, Luis Bacher, Marco Lacerda and Sergio Sartori. Brazillian Fruits & Cultivated Exotics (for consuming in natura). Brazil. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA. 2006. Print.
4 "Myrciaria glazioviana (Kiaersk.) G.M.Barroso ex Sobral synonyms." The Plant List (2010). Version 1. theplantlist.org. Web. 4 apr. 2017.

Photographs

Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6 Plinia glomerata, Myrciaria glazioviana, Eugenia cabelluda, Eugenia tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata, Paramyrciaria glomerata. N.d. toptropicals.com. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.
Fig. 7 Sample, Jane. Ripe fruit on the yellow Jaboticaba Myrciara caufiflora. Unbelievable Acres Botanic Garden. 2015. flickr.com. Web. 4 Apr. 2017.
Fig.Jaitt, Oscar. Yellow Jaboticaba or Cabelluda. N.d. fruitlovers.com. Web 30 Jan. 2015.
Fig.Rodrigues de Andrade, Juan Júnio. Plinia glomerata. 2013. commons.wikimedia.org. Public domain. Web. 4 Apr. 2017.

UF/IFAS Assessment of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas

Published 30 Jan. 2015 LR. Last update 4 Apr. 2017 LR
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