Lemon Drop Mangosteen, Mameyito - Garcinia intermedia
Garcinia intermedia fruit
Fig. 1

Leaf habit
Fig. 2 magnifying glass
Garcinia intermedia leaf habit

Garcinia intermedia flower buds
Fig. 4 magnifying glass
Garcinia intermedia flower buds

Fruit bud
Fig. 5 magnifying glass

Garcinia intermedia syn. Rheedia edulis flowers
Fig. 6 magnifying glass
Garcinia intermedia syn. Rheedia edulis flowers

Lemon Drop Mangosteen Garcinia intermedia - Immature Fruits & Flowers
Fig. 7 magnifying glass
Lemon Drop mangosteen Garcinia intermedia - Immature fruits & flowers

Fruit habit
Fig. 8 magnifying glass

Fruit
Fig. 9 magnifying glass

Seeds dry
Fig. 13 magnifying glass
Seeds dry
Seeds dry
Fig. 14 magnifying glass
Seeds wet

Growth habit
Fig. 15 magnifying glass
Garcinia intermedia growth habit

Garcinia intermedia syn. Rheedia edulis
Fig. 18 magnifying glass
Garcinia intermedia syn. Rheedia edulis

Garcinia intermedia syn. Rheedia edulis & Garcinia livingstonei
Fig. 19 magnifying glass
Garcinia intermedia syn. Rheedia edulis & Garcinia livingstonei


Scientific name
Garcinia intermedia
Common names
arrayan and palo de frutilla in Guatemala; waiki plum in Belize; chaparrón in El Salvador; caimito or caimito de montaña in Honduras; jorco in Costa Rica; sastra in Panama; berba in the Philippines 5
Synonyms
Rheedia intermedia Pittier, R. edulis (Seem.) Planch. & Triana and Calophyllum edule Seem 2
Relatives
Garcinia madruno, G. humilis, G. livingstonei (imbe) , G. prainiana (Cherapu, Button Mangosteen), G. magnifolia, Rheedia magnifolia, (Madrono, Reedia), R. brasiliensis, R. laterifolia, G. laterifolia (Bakupari, Camboriu)
Family
Clusiaceae (alt. Guttiferae)
Origin
Both the Atlantic and Pacific sides of Central America, from southern Mexico to Panama 5
Uses
Fruit; ornamental tree; can be grown in a container
Height
10-15 ft (3.048-5 m)
Plant habit
Small bush or tree
Growth rate
Fast
Trunk/bark/branches
Straight, dark brown trunk with yellow latex 3
Leaves
Evergreen, opposite, stiff, 3 3/16-6 in. (8-15 cm) long, 3/4-2 in. (2-5 cm) wide 5
Flowers
Whitish and small, perfect, produced in axillary groups of 1-15 at branch nodes 3
Fruit
Round; thin orange to reddish peel; pulp (aril) whitish; aromatic sweet sour taste; 1-2 seeds 3
Season
June-August;
Light requirement
Part shade to full sun; fruits more prolifically in full sun
Soil tolerances
Tolerant of a wide range of soils 1
Cold tolerance
30 °F (-1.11 °C)
Invasive potential *
None reported
Known hazard
None known



Reading Material

Mameyito from Julia Morton's book Fruits of Warm Climates



There are over 240 Garcinia species, mostly from southeast Asia. Garcinia species from the Americas were once classified as Rheedia, but now all are considered Garcinia.

Sorting Garcinia Names from theMultilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database, University of Melbourne, Australia ext. link

Origin

Lemon drop mangosteen is a fruit from Southern Mexico and Central America.  It is cultivated on small scale in many countries like Belize, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, Panama etc. 3

Description
Garcinia intermedia is a species of tropical American tree which produces tasty fruit. In English it is known as the lemon drop mangosteen (a name it shares with the closely related and similarly tasting Garcinia madruno). In Spanish it is called mameyito. In Portuguese it is called achachairu. The name achachairu is also applied to Garcinia humilis, another species native to Bolivia with larger, round or egg-shaped fruit. G. humilis has been commercialized in Australia under the name Achacha. 1

Lemon drop mangosteen bush habitEspaliered lemon drop mangosteen tree
Fig. 16 magnifying glass Fig. 17 magnifying glass

Fig.  16. Lemon drop mangosteen bush habit
Fig.  17. The natural structure of the Garcinia intermedia lends itself to be espaliered

Leaves
Are opposite, short-petioled, thick, leathery, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate leaves, 3 3/16 to 6 in (8-15 cm) long, 3/4 to 2 in (2-5 cm) wide, or much larger, with numerous lateral veins conspicuous on both surfaces; dark-green above, pale or brownish on the underside. Young foliage is reddish. 5

Leaves
Fig. 3 magnifying glass

Flowers
The small, greenish-white or ivory flowers, densely clustered below the leaves, are 4-petalled, the male with 25 to 30 stamens, the perfect with 10 to 12. 5 It makes an attractive ornamental tree, especially when in fruit, which may be year round. 1
Female flowers are solitary and occur in single or occasionally in clusters (2-10 flowers) developed at the terminal buds of young branches in case of mangosteen, but both terminal buds and axillary buds were found in the other species. 4

Fruit
The fruit is oval or oblong, 3/4" to 1 1/4" (2-3.2 cm)long, smooth, orange or yellow, the thin, soft skin easily peeled. There is a little flesh, sweet or acid, adhering to the 1 or 2 seeds.
The tree may fruit after as little as two years. The fruits are smooth spheres about an inch in diameter with a thin yellow, orange or red rind around a white pulp. They are edible and have an appealing sweet and sour taste. It is usually eaten out of hand, though can be used for drinks, jams and jellies. 2

Immature fruitFruitFruiting branch
Fig. 10 magnifying glass Fig. 11 magnifying glass Fig. 12 magnifying glass

Fig. 10. Immature fruit

Propagation
The tree is generally propagated from seeds, though it can be grafted. No named cultivars are known. Seeds lose viability if dried, but can retain viability for a period of months if kept
moist. 3

Food Uses
Lemon drop mangosteen is primarily consumed fresh.  Aril forms the edible part.  It can also be used to make juices, jams and jellies. 3

Other Uses
The heartwood is rose-yellow, hard, medium-heavy, coarse-textured, with numerous gum ducts, but tough, strong, easy to work, fairly durable, and valued for construction because it is nearly immune to insects. It is also used for tool handles, fenceposts, and temporary railroad ties. The bark is rich in tannin. 5

Further Reading
Also of Interest: Sorting the Rheedias ext. link


List of Growers and Vendors
Bibliography

1 "Garcinia intermedia." wikipedia.org. N.d. 11 Jan. 2017.
2 "Garcinia intermedia." tropical.theferns.info. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.
3 Parmar, Chiranjit. "Lemon drop mangosteen (Garcinia edulis)." fruitipedia.com. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.
4 Te-chato, Sompong. "Floral and fruit morphology of some species in Garcinia spp." Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, 90112 Thailand. 2006. Print.
5 Morton, J. "Bakupari Rheedia brasiliensis Planch. & Triana." hort.purdue.edu. Fruits of Warm Climates, p. 309-310. 1987. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

Photographs

Fig. 1,2,5,12 Vinayaraj. Garcinia intermedia. 2013. commons.wikimedia.org. Under (CC BY-SA 3.0). Web 30 Jan. 2015.

Fig.9,10,11,13,14 Paton, Steve. Garcinia intermedia. 2003-2006. Environmental Sciences Program, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. stri.si.edu. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

Fig. 4,6,7,15,18,19 Broson, Eric, I likE plants! Garcinia intermedia. 2009. flickr.com. Under (CC BY 2.0). Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

Fig. 3,8,16 Rheedia edulis, Garcinia intermedia, Calophyllum edule. toptropicals.com. Web 30 Jan. 2015.

Fig. 17 Pelser, P.B. Alexis de Manuel. 2012. phytoimages.siu.edu. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

UF/IFAS Assessment of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas

Published 12 Apr. 2014 LR. Last update 12 Jan. 2017 LR
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