From Kentucky State University
by Kirk W. Pomper, Sheri B. Crabtree, and Jeremiah D. Lowe




2009 Pawpaw Cultivars and Grafted Tree Sources *


CultivarDescription
AlleghenyTM
'Allegheny'
Selected by R. Neal Peterson. Fruit has medium fleshiness; percent seed approximately 8% by weight. Texture medium firm and smooth. Flesh color yellow. Fruit size approximately 125 g/fruit at KSU. Fruit size can benefit from thinning when fruit set is high. Limited availability of nursery stock.
Belle
CollinsSelected in Georgia
ConvisSelected from Corwin Davis orchard. Large fruit., yellow flesh; ripens 1st week of October in MI.
DavisSelected from the wild in MI by Corwin Davis in 1959. Introduced in 1961 from Bellevue, MI. Medium sized fruit, up to 5 inches long; green skin; yellow flesh; large seed; ripens 1st week of October in Michigan; keeps well in cold storage.
GlaserSelected by P. Glaser of Evansville, IN. Medium size fruit.
Greenriver BelleOriginal tree grown near the Green River in Hart County, Kentucky. Selected by Carol Friedman in 1998.
ISLHybrid of Overleese and Davis; large fruit, yellow flesh; ripens 2nd week of October in MI.
Jonathan
KirstenHybrid seedling of Taytwo x Overleese; selected by Tom Mansell, Aliquippa, PA.
KSU-AtwoodTM
KSU-Atwood
Seedling from Maryland. Released by the Kentucky State University Horticulture Program in 2009. The release is named for Rufus B. Atwood, who served as president of Kentucky State College (now university) from 1929 to 1962. Fruit: greenish-blue skin, yellow-orange flesh, few seeds. Fruit size and flavor medium; averaging 120 g/fruit and 150 fruit per tree at KSU. (Note: Trees may not yet be available for sale from licensed nurseries).
Lady D
LA NativeFrom LA, blooms late in TN, small fruit.
Lynn's FavoriteSelected from Corwin Davis orchard. Yellow fleshed, large fruit; ripens 2nd week of October in MI.
MangoSelected from the wild in Tifton, GA, by Major C. Collins in 1970. Vigorus growth.
Maria
Mary Foos JohnsonSelected from the wild in Kansas by Milo Gibson. Seedling donated to North Willamette Expt. Sta., Aurora, OR, by Mary Foos Johnson. Large fruit; yellow skin; butter-color flesh; few seeds; ripens first week of October in MI.
MiddletownSelected from the wild in Middletown, OH, by Ernest J. Downing in 1915. Ripens in mid-September in Kentucky. Fruit size small; averaging 75 g/fruit and 75 fruit per tree at KSU.
Mitchell Selected from the wild in Jefferson Co., IL, by Joseph W. Hickman in 1979. Fruit: slightly yellow skin, golden flesh, few seeds. Fruit size medium; averaging 115 g/fruit and 60 fruit per tree at KSU.
NC-1
NC-1
Hybrid seedling of Davis x Overleese; selected by R. Douglas Campbell, Ontario, Canada, in 1976. Fruit has few seeds; yellow skin and flesh; thin skin; early ripening, 15 Sept. in Ontario and early September in Kentucky. Fruit size large; averaging 180 g/fruit and 45 fruit per tree at KSU.
Overleese
Overleese
Selected from the wild in Rushville, IN, by W.B. Ward in 1950. Ripens early September in Kentucky and 1st week of October in Michigan. Fruit size large; averaging over 170 g/fruit and 55 fruit per tree at KSU.
PA-Golden 1
PA-Golden
Selected as seedling from seed originating from George Slate collection by John Gordon, Amherst, NY. Fruit has yellow skin when ripening, golden flesh; matures late August in Kentucky and mid-September in New York. Fruit size medium; averaging 110 g/fruit and 120 fruit per tree at KSU.
PA-Golden 2Selected as seedling from seed originating from George Slate collection by John Gordon, Amherst, NY. Fruit: yellow skin, golden flesh; matures mid-September in NY.
PA-Golden 3Selected as seedling from seed originating from George Slate collection by John Gordon, Amherst, NY. Fruit: yellow skin, golden flesh; matures mid-September in NY.
PotomacTM
Potomac
Selected by R. Neal Peterson as seedling of a tree in the Blandy Experimental Farm. Extremely fleshy. Percent seed ~ 4% by weight. Texture firm, melting, smooth. Flesh color medium yellow. Fruit size large; averaging 235 g/fruit and 45 fruit per tree at KSU. Problems with fruit cracking some years. Limited availability of nursery stock.
ProlificSelected by Corwin Davis, Bellevue, MI, in mid-1980s. Large fruit, yellow flesh; ripens first week of October in MI. Fruit size medium at KSU.
RappahannockTM
Rappahannock
Selected by R. Neal Peterson as seedling of a tree in the Blandy Experimental Farm. Ripens Mid-September in Kentucky. This fruit typically exhibits a yellowish color break at picking stage. This tree has an unusual leaf habit, where the leaf is held horizontal-to-upright, making the fruit more visible under the canopy of leaves. Fruit size small; averaging 95 g/fruit and 95 fruit per tree at KSU. Patented 2004; propagation restrictions apply. Limited availability of nursery stock.
In kentucky this variety has a disappointingly small fruit
In Maryland where the fruit was originally evaluated, the fruit is large and of high quality
In North Carolina, this variety is producing well and has a large fruit
Rebecca's GoldSelected from Corwin Davis seed, Bellevue, MI., by J.M. Riley in 1974. Medium sized fruit; kidney-shaped; yellow flesh. Fruit size medium at KSU.
Ruby KeenanMedium size fruit with excellent flavor.
SAA-OverleeseSelected from Overleese seed by John Gordon, Amherst, NY, in 1982. Large fruit; rounded shape; green skin; yellow flesh; few seeds; matures in mid-October in NY.
SAA-ZimmermanSelected as seedling from seed originating from G.A. Zimmerman collection by John Gordon, Amherst, NY, in 1982. Large fruit; yellow skin and flesh; few seeds.
ShenandoahTM
Shenandoah
Selected by R. Neal Peterson as a seedling of Overleese. Fruit with few seeds (approx 7% by weight). Fruit has creamy yellow flesh. Ripens in September in Kentucky. Fruit size medium-large; averaging 150 g/fruit and 80 fruit per tree at KSU. Patented 2004; propagation restrictions apply. Limited availability of nursery stock.
Sibley
Sue
Sunflower
Sunflower
Selected from the wild in Chanute, KS, by Milo Gibson in 1970. Tree reported to be self-fertile. Large fruit; yellow skin; butter-color flesh; few seeds; ripens early to mid-September in Kentucky and first week of October in MI. Fruit size large; averaging 155 g/fruit and 75 fruit per tree at KSU.
Sun-GloYellow skin, yellow flesh,large fruit; ripens 1st week of October in MI.
SusquehannaTM
Susquehanna
Selected by R. Neal Peterson as a seedling from a tree in the collection of the Blandy Experimental Farm. Fruit has few seeds, very fleshy, medium yellow flesh; thickish skin; this variety is less fragile than most. Few seeds (approx 4% by weight). Ripens late September in Kentucky. Patented 2004; propagation restrictions apply. Fruit size large; averaging 185 g/fruit and 40 fruit per tree at KSU. Limited availability of nursery stock.
Sweet AliceSelected from the wild in West Virginia by Homer Jacobs of the Holden Arboretum, Mentor, OH, in 1934. Fruit size medium at KSU.
Sweet Virginia
Taylor
Taylor
Selected from the wild in Eaton Rapids, MI, by Corwin Davis in 1968. Fruit; green skin; yellow flesh; ripens in September in Kentucky and 1st week of October in MI. Fruit size medium; averaging 110 g/fruit and 70 fruit per tree at KSU.
Taytwo
Taytwo
Selected from the wild in Eaton Rapids, MI, by Corwin Davis in 1968. Sometimes spelled Taytoo. Fruit: light-green skin; yellow flesh; ripens in September in Kentucky and 1st week of October in MI. Fruit size medium; averaging 120 g/fruit and 75 fruit per tree at KSU.
TollgateYellow fleshed, LArge fruit, ripens 1st week of October in MI.
WabashTM
Wabash
Selected by R. Neal Peterson as seedling of a tree in the Blandy Experimental Farm. Very fleshy. Percent seed ~ 6% by weight. Texture medium firm, creamy, smooth. Flesh color yellow to orangish. Fruit size large; averaging 185 g/fruit and 65 fruit per tree at KSU. Problems with fruit cracking some years. Limited availability of nursery stock.
WellsSelected from the wild in Salem, IN, by David Wells in 1990. Fruit; green skin; orange flesh. Ripens mid to late-September in Kentucky. Fruit size medium; averaging 105 g/fruit and 65 fruit per tree at KSU.
Wilson
Wilson
Selected from the wild on Black Mountain, Harlan Co., KY, by John V. Creech in 1985. Fruit; yellow skin; golden flesh. Ripens in September in Kentucky. Fruit size small; averaging 90 g/fruit and 130 fruit per tree at KSU.
Zimmerman
Zimmerman
Selected in NY from G.A. Zimmerman seed by George Slate. Medium sized fruit at KSU.

Note: Updated January 21, 2009. Descriptions derived from Layne (1997), Jones et al. (1998), and data from K. Pomper et al 2008. Descriptions come from a wide variety of sources, and some of the cultivars have not been compared for performance side by side at one geographic site. Fruit size categories of small, medium, and large are <100 g, 100 to 150 g, and >150 g, respectively.

* For a complete list of Nurseries for these cultivars and grafted trees, please refer to http://www.pawpaw.kysu.edu/pawpaw/cvsrc98.htm

Further Reading
Neal Peterson Breeding Program
35 Extinct Pawpaw Cultivars submitted by Neal Peterson



Back to
Pawpaw Page



Bibliography

Pomper, Kirk W., Crabtreee, Sheri B. and Lower, Jeremiah D. "2009 Pawpaw Cultivars and Grafted Tree Sources." pawpaw.kysu.edu. Web. 8 Apr. 2015.

Photographs

Lowe, Jeremy. 2008. pawpaw.kysu.edu. Web. 8 Apr. 2015.
Jones, Snake. N.d. pawpaw.kysu.edu. Web. 8 Apr. 2015.
Pomper, Kirk. 2010. pawpaw.kysu.edu. Web. 8 Apr. 2015.

Published 9 Apr. 2015 LR
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