Persimmon Varieties



In great contrast to the native American persimmon, Diospyros virginiana L., which has never advanced beyond the status of a minor fruit, an oriental member of the family Ebenaceae, D. kaki L., is prominent in horticulture. Perhaps best-known in America as the Japanese, or Oriental, persimmon, it is also called kaki (in Spanish, caqui), Chinese plum or, when dried, Chinese fig. 1

Of the 2,000 cultivars known in China, cuttings of 52, from the provinces of Honan, Shensi and Shansi, were brought into the United States in 1914. J. Russell Smith, an esteemed economic-geographer, collected a number of types near the Great Wall of China in 1925 and some of the trees still survive in his derelict orchard in the Blue Ridge Mountains of southern Virginia. Over 800 kinds are grown in Japan but less than 100 are considered important. Among prominent cultivars are the non-astringent 'Fuyu', 'Jiro', 'Gosho' and 'Suruga'; the astringent 'Hiratanenashi', 'Hachiya', 'Aizumishirazu', 'Yotsumizo' and 'Yokono'. 1
 
The Persimmon cultivars are divided into two categories, namely "Astringent and Non-astringent" persimmons.
Astringent: Can only be eaten when it is completely ripe due to the high content of tannin.  Astringent cultivars have water-soluble tannins in the flesh of the fruit at maturity (harvest) and do not normally lose their astringency until soft and ripe.
Non-astringent: Can be eaten even in it's hard, orange stage as the tannin content is greatly reduced, the moment it turn from green to orange.   Non-astringent cultivars have lost their astringency by maturity and can be eaten crisp like an apple or at various stages of softness.

*  Pollination Variant Varieties (astringent when seedless):  includes those that are astringent when they have several seeds, and partially or totally non-astringent when they have only one or a few seeds. The flesh is yellow when there are no seeds and dark when seeds are present ('Rama Forte', 'Guiombo', 'Luiz de Queiroz', 'Hyakume', 'Chocolate', etc.).

Plantings of non-astringent persimmons can be made to include cultivars that will ripen fruit from late September to early December. The cultivars recommended seem to produce the highest percent of marketable fruit. ‘Izu’ is the choice for the early season, ‘Matsumoto' Wase' for the mid-season, and ‘Fuyu’ for the late season. 'Fuyu' is the most readily available and is generally considered the best commercial non astringent cultivar in Florida. 3

'Chocolate'
Astringent When Seedless * - Late Season
Diospyros lotus
200 hrs

Small to medium-sized, oblong-conical fruit. Skin reddish orange. Flesh brown-streaked when pollinated, must be soft-ripe before eating. Ripens late October to early November. Tree large, vigorous, producing many male blossoms. Recommended as a pollinator for pollination variant cultivars such as 'Hyakuma' and 'Zenji Maru'. 4

Choice of connoisseurs. Medium size red, conical, astringent type fruit develops sweet, spicy brown flesh when pollinized by another variety of Asian persimmon. Can be ripened off tree. The best pollinizer for the 'Nishimura Wase' Coffee Cake variety.
Named chocolate because this medium-sized Japanese type persimmon has a chocolaty-brown flesh that is extremely tasty and sweet.
This elongated persimmon ripens late October into early November.
Climate Zones: 7 to 11

'Eureka'
Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki

‘Eureka’ has been widely propagated by southern nurseries and is a common cultivar in Texas. It has a large, round, flat-shaped, pollination variant fruit with a medium amount of dark flesh around the seed. 3
Medium to large oblate fruit, puckered at the calyx. Skin bright orange-red. Good quality. Ripens late. Tree small, vigorous,drought and
frost resistant, precocious and heavy-bearing. One of the most satisfactory cultivars for Florida and Texas. 4
'Eureka' (from Texas) is oblate, medium to large, puckered at calyx, bright orange-red, astringent; of good quality; drought and frost-resistant; late (Nov. in Florida). One of the most satisfactory in Florida. 1

'Fuyu'
Non-Astringent - Late Season
Diospyros kaki
'Fuyu'
'Fuyu' flower
Fig. 1
'Fuyu'
Fig. 2
'Fuyu' flower
Persimmon Fruit 'Fuyu' leaves
Fig. 3
Persimmon Fruit
Fig. 4
'Fuyu' leaves

The 'Fuyu', also known as 'Fuyugaki' ("winter persimmon"), is the most popular non-astringent tree in Florida and is the most widely grown persimmon cultivar in the world. This large, round, flattened fruit has reddish-orange skin when ripe. The tree bears at a young age and is a heavy producer. Self fertile and pest free.  The fruit is seedless and is excellent for fresh eating or cooking. Fruit thinning is usually necessary to ensure large fruit, prevent clustering and regulate crop loads. Incidence of fruit imperfections are low, yields are good, and the tree is generally well adapted. Soluble solids average 18 to 19%. Many different cultivars with the name ‘Fuyu’ or ‘Fuyugaki’ exist. The best cultivar is the one commonly available in Florida. The 'Fuyu' ripens in November and is as sweet and crisp as an apple. 3

Pollination constant. Non-astringent. From Fruit Varieties & Horticultural Digest, Vol. 21(1), 1970, p. 6: Medium-to-small size, oblate
shaped fruit with attractive orange-red skin and non-astringent flesh. The flesh is deep orange and contains many small specks. 'Fuyu' is noted for its complete lack of astringency, even when firm. From Persimmons for California, by Kay Ryugo, Charles A. Schroeder, Akira Sugiura, and Keizo Yonemori, California Agriculture, July-August 1988, p. 9: The leaf isozyme patterns and fruit size and eating quality indicate that this cultivar is identical to the original cultivar 'Fuyu', widely grown in Japan. Trees tend to bear in alternate years, producing large quantities of small fruit in the "on" year and a modest crop of large fruit in the "off" year. In Japan, the crop is thinned early in the on year to obtain large fuit at harvest. 2

'Gailey'
Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki

‘Gailey’ is the standard pollinating cultivar and has small to medium size fruit. Concentric ring cracking is common and its pollination variant fruit are very dark-fleshed, even with small seed numbers. 3
Fruit small, roundish to conical with a rounded apex. Skin dull red, pebbled. Flesh dark, firm, juicy, of fair flavor. Tree small to medium. Bears many male flowers regularly and is an excellent cultivar to plant for cross-pollination. Has attractive autumn foliage and ornamental value. 4

‘Giombo'
Astringent - Early Season
Diospyros kaki
'Giombo'
Fig. 5 magnifying glass

‘Giombo’ is similar to ‘Saijo’ in fruit quality, although the fruit are much larger and begin ripening 2 weeks later. Fruit are light translucent orange and thin pealed with a sweet, juicy, jelly type flesh. ‘Giombo' fruit are a connoisseur’s choice. The tree is early to start growth in the spring and is sometimes injured by freezing temperatures. 3
'Giombo' (perhaps the same as 'Korean') is one of the best in Florida, with thin skin; but it is a biennial bearer when young. 1

'Great Wall'
Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki
'Great Wall'
Fig. 6 magnifying glass

‘Great Wall’ is a strong growing, upright tree having small 4-sided fruit. The flesh is dry, similar to ‘Tanenashi’, but of excellent quality. 3
'Great Wall' is small, flat, 4-sided with fine black stripes extending from the calyx; astringent, dry-fleshed; tree is vigorous, a biennial bearer; does well in Florida. 1

'Hachiya'
Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki
200 hrs
'Hachiya'
Fig. 7 magnifying glass

The Japanese 'Hachiya' Persimmon tree is remarkably cold tolerant and vigorous in the South when grafted on native American persimmon.  The Japanese 'Hachiya' produces delicious persimmon fruit that keeps very well when refrigerated.  The 'Hachiya' often bears so much persimmon fruit that the limbs have to be propped up with bamboo poles. The 'Hachiya' has been dried in Japan for markets of delicious dried persimmon fruit.
The variety most often found in stores. The 4" long acorn shaped fruit is deep orange when ripe and very sweet and flavorful. Great dried. Astringent until ripened off the tree and eaten when soft. Doesn't need a pollinizer.

Oblong-conical, 3 3/4 in (9.5 cm) long, 3 1/4 in (8.25 cm) wide; skin glossy, deep orange-red; flesh dark-yellow with occasional black streaks; astringent until fully ripe and soft, then sweet and rich. Seedless or with a few seeds. Mid season to late. Much used in Japan for drying. Tree vigorous, well-formed and prolific in Kulu Valley, India. Scanty bearer in southeastern United States; does well on D. virginiana in Florida, but tends to growth-ring cracking; often prolific in California. 1

‘Hachiya’ is a commercial cultivar in California. Ability to set and hold fruit is sometimes a problem if this cultivar is propagated onto Diospyros virginiana rootstock. The fruit are high quality and jelly-fleshed with an attractive red skin coloration. Fruit will often have concentric ring cracking at the apical end and will ripen unevenly starting from these points. Perhaps more than one cultivar shares this name. 3
Climate Zones: 7 to 10

'Hanagosho'
Non Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki

‘Hanagosho’ ("flower of the Imperial Palace" is a large tree with vigorous upright growth and a strong scaffold system. The tree will usually have a small amount of male flowering every year and crop regulation is good. The fruit and leaves are slightly more susceptible to late season pathogens than most cultivars. ‘Hanagosho’ is a large tree and a good homeowner cultivar. 3
‘Hanagosho’ is of excellent quality but in Florida is slow in losing astringency and the tree is deficient in male flowers.
'Jiro' is second to 'Fuyu' in importance in Japan; is of high quality and ships well. The fruit is colorful and the tree vigorous in Florida. 1

'Hana Fuyu'
Non Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki

‘Hana Fuyu’, also known as ‘Yotsundani’, or ‘Giant Fuyu’ regulates crop loads well and is of medium vigor. The fruit are slightly larger than most, generally free of imperfections and may be slow to lose astringency. The tree is a good homeowner cultivar. 3
It is self fruitful and the fruit tastes sweet with a fine flavor, even in the green stage!. It is easy to grow either in hot, dry or cold climates. It also grows about twice the size of the regular 'Fuyu' Persimmon.  The skin reveals a bright red pulp that is delicious and aromatic.  The fruit is crunchy when ripe and is non-astringent.
‘Hana Fuyu’ is oblate, non-astringent and usually seedless; late mid season; tree is small, bears regularly but yield is low; prone to premature shedding of fruit; fairly common in northern Florida. 1

'Hiratanenashi'
Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki

‘Hiratanenashi’ is a widely grown commercial cultivar in Japan. The fruit have a thick peel and a long shelf life. The flesh is juicy, somewhat watery and almost always seedless. The astringency is sometimes difficult to remove after the fruit have been harvested unless they are artificially treated. 3

'Ichikikei Jiro'
Non Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki
'Ichikikei Jiro' persimmon 'Ichikikei Jiro' persimmon flower
Fig. 8
'Ichikikei Jiro' persimmon
Fig. 9
'Ichikikei Jiro' persimmon flower
'Ichikikei Jiro' persimmon 'Ichikikei Jiro' persimmon leaves
Fig. 10
'Ichikikei Jiro' persimmon
Fig. 11
Ichikikei Jiro' persimmon leaves

‘Ichikikei Jiro’ is a bud sport from 'Jiro'. The tree is comparatively smaller than most and regulates its crop loads well. It will mature seedless crops and is a good homeowner cultivar. Apical end splitting usually occurs in a percentage of the fruit. The tree is around 7 days later than most cultivars to begin growing in the spring. This sometimes helps it to escape spring freeze injury. 3
'Ichikikei Jiro' is medium-large, orange, non-astringent; early-ripening; tree is not vigorous but still this cultivar is among the best of the
non-astringent class in Florida. 1 

'Izu'
Izu is a seedling of Fuyu x Okugosho.
Non-Astringent - Early Season
Diospyros kaki
100 hrs
'Izu' persimmon 'Izu' persimmon flower
Fig. 12
'Izu' persimmon
Fig. 13
'Izu' persimmon flower
'Izu' persimmon 'Izu' persimmon leaves
Fig. 14
'Izu' persimmon
Fig. 15
'Izu' persimmon leaves

The earliest ripening of the good quality Asian persimmons, about three weeks before 'Fuyu'. This is a non-astringent selection. It sets medium sized fruit on a dwarf tree. Very sweet, tasty, medium to large size, round shape. Relatively small tree, good choice for backyard persimmon. Sometimes difficult to start from bareroot. 100 hours. This is the best variety in areas where ripening is a problem. Hardy to 0 degrees F., perhaps lower. Self fertile.
Izu is the earliest ripening non-astringent cultivar. The tree regulates crop loads well, producing large fruit which are generally blemish-free. The tree is not as vigorous or precocious as Fuyu are and it will come into production about 5 years from planting. Soluble solids, between 15 to 17%, are not as high as later maturing cultivars. 3

'Jiro'
Non-Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki
200 hrs
'Jiro' persimmon 'Jiro' flower
Fig. 16
'Jiro' persimmon
Fig. 17
'Jiro' flower
'Jiro' fruit 'Jiro' leaves
Fig. 18
'Jiro' fruit
Fig. 19
'Jiro' leaves

Pollination constant. Non-astringent. From Persimmons for California, by Kay Ryugo, Charles A. Schroeder, Akira Sugiura, and Keizo Yonemori, California Agriculture, July-August 1988, p. 9: This cultivar has also been propagated and sold as 'Fuyu' in California. 'Jiro' fruits are more truncated and squarish in cross-section than those of 'Fuyu'. Leaves of 'Jiro' trees, more so than 'Fuyu' leaves, appear chlorotic in the early spring, especially after a cold, wet winter.
A popular dooryard fruit and a handsome ornamental with drooping leaves and branches that give it a languid, rather tropical appearance. Under mild autumn conditions the leaves often turn dramatic shades of yellow, orange and red. Tea can also be made from fresh or dried leaves. 5

'Maekawa Jiro'
Non-Astringent
Diospyros kaki
200 hrs
'Maekawa Jiro' persimmon 'Maekawa Jiro' Persimmon
Fig. 20
'Maekawa Jiro' persimmon
Fig. 21
'Maekawa Jiro' Persimmon
'Maekawa Jiro' Persimmon 'Maekawa Jiro' Persimmon
Fig. 22
'Maekawa Jiro' Persimmon
Fig. 23
'Maekawa Jiro' Persimmon

Round and flat with an orange skin and sweet mild flesh. It is a non-astringent type, great eaten while firm. Firm and crunchy with a sweet sugar cane like flavor. Doesn't need a pollinizer. Needs a long hot summer to ripen reliably. Non-astrigent, sweet crunchy fruit! A popular dooryard fruit and a handsome ornamental with drooping leaves and branches that give it a languid, rather tropical appearance. Under mild autumn conditions the leaves often turn dramatic shades of yellow, orange and red. Tea can also be made from fresh or dried leaves.
Climate Zones: 7 to 11

'Matsumoto Wase Fuyu'
Non Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki
200 hrs
'Matsumato'
Fig. 24 magnifying glass

‘Matsumoto Wase Fuyu’ is an earlier ripening bud sport of ‘Fuyu’ discovered by Mr. Matsumoto. The tree sets many flowers and produces heavy clustered crops. The clusters should be thinned to prevent bent limbs with excessive fruit loads. The tree is moderately vigorous and of medium size. Soluble solids range from 16 to 19% which is generally true for most mid-season types. 3
One of our favorites. Firm and crunchy with a sweet sugar cane like flavor. Known for it’s early ripening, this is a good variety for short season areas. 'Masumoto' persimmon is tree is a small grower, rarely exceeding 15 foot in height. Fruit ripens mid-October through mid-November. Zones 7-9. 6

'Midia'
Non Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki

‘Midia’ is the largest of the non-astringent types with fruit often weighing ¾ of a pound. An indented ring forms around the top half of the fruit. The tree is an inconsistent cropper, and seems more susceptible to tree decline than other cultivars. 3

'Nikita's Gift'
Astringent
Diospyros virginiana x Diospyros kaki
'Nikita's Gift'
'Nikita's Gift'
Fig. 25 magnifying glass Fig. 26 magnifying glass

The fruit from the 'Nikita's Gift' hybrid persimmon tree is astringent until it is fully ripe much like one of the parents, the American persimmon, Diospyrous virginiana; and the ripe stage color is orange-red and very sweet, a genetic inheritance from the Oriental persimmon parentage Diospyrous kaki. The ripened fruit can be 3 inches long with a rather flattened shape that is attached to the twigs on the trees in large clusters when first formed, but thinning the fruit on the branches will increase the fruit's size.
Most outstanding persimmon trees that were growing in the past have been limited to the Southern U.S., but now 'Nikita's Gift' from Yalta in the Ukraine has released this Russian hybrid persimmon that blends the color and flavor of the oriental persimmons D. kaki with the cold hardiness and late ripening characteristics of the American persimmon to produce this hybrid that was licensed for growing in the U.S. by the Ukraine, formerly a Russian republic.

'Nishimura Wase'
Astringent When Seedless * - Early Season
Diospyros kaki

‘Nishumura Wase’ is an early cultivar, ripening its first fruit in early August. It is pollination variant and must be fully seeded to be non-astringent. It consistently sets male flowers. The fruit have soluble solids around 13% to 15% and are somewhat watery. The tree is well-spreading, somewhat vigorous and a good annual cropper. 3
The fruit is large and roundish. The tree is vigorous and easy to grow. It is called Coffee Cake for its rich flavor and brown flesh color when ripe. Unique spicy-sweet flavor that instantly evokes images of cinnamon pastry, hot coffee and morning sunshine. Coffeecake™ ripens about the same time as Chocolate and about three weeks to one month earlier than 'Fuyu'. It is a non astringent pollination variant which means it develops its rich sweet flavor best when it is pollinized. 'Gosho' and 'Chocolate' are the best pollinizers.
Climate Zones: 7 to 10

'Ormond'
Astringent - Late Season
Diospyros kaki
'Ormond'
'Ormond'
Fig. 27 magnifying glass

‘Ormond’ is sometimes called the Christmas persimmon. Fruit are long, conic and are often harvested in January. The tree begins growing early in the spring which increases chances for freeze injury. 3
'Ormond'–oblong-conical, 2 5/8 in (6.5 cm) long, 1 7/8 in (4.7 cm) thick. Skin reddish-yellow with thin bloom; flesh orange-red, moderately juicy; seeds large. Very late (Nov. and Dec. in Florida). Keeps well. 1
Often the last tree to finish ripening it’s fruit. The 'Ormond' persimmon tree is a vigorous mid size growing tree. with beautiful small sized long, conical fruits that hanging in heavy clusters like grapes. We harvest and serve them as in clusters for bite size snacks. Fabulous variety for central Florida. Fruit ripens December to January. Zones 8-9. 6

'Saijo'
Astringent - Early Season
Diospyros kaki
'Saijo'
Fig. 28 magnifying glass

‘Saijo’ ("the very best one") is considered one of the sweetest persimmons although traces of astringency sometimes remain when the fruit is soft. Fruit ripen early to mid-season and are relatively small with a long conic shape, and a translucent orange jelly type flesh. Soluble solids range from 16 to 22%. The large, upright, vigorous tree is capable of producing heavy yields. It is a good homeowner type. 3
'Saijo', which means "the very best one" in Japanese. Very cold hardy cultivar. Small yellow elongated fruit. Sweet excellent flavor, ranked among the best by gourmets. Medium height tree. Bears consistently. 5
'Saijo' fruits are like small orange plum shapes balls of honey. Free of seeds and a consistent bearer. The 'Saijo' persimmon tree is a large, upright grower, makes a good small shade tree. One of the first persimmon fruits of the season, starting in September, and continuing into October. Zones 7-9. 6

'Sheng'

Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki
'Sheng'
Fig. 29 magnifying glass

‘Sheng’ is a well spreading tree with large fruit having lobed sections looking somewhat like a 4 or 6 leaf clover from the top. Fruit have a high jelly content, are bright orange, and when pollinated will set many seed. 3
'Sheng' is large, ribbed, puckered at calyx, astringent; popular in Florida; bears annually when pollinated. 1
The most beautiful persimmon of all! Shaped just like a miniature pumpkin. The bright orange fruit is flat, has six prominent lobes, and is ribbed and tucked in around the calyx. Flavor is spicy sweet. The 'Sheng' persimmon tree is a medium sized tree, bearing good crops consistently. The tree has some cold tolerance. Fruit ripens mid September through mid October. Zones 6-9. 6

'Shogatsu'
Non-Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki

‘Shogatsu’ is similar to ‘Hanogosho’ in tree habit, however, more problems with fruit end splitting and leaf spots occur.
'Shogatsu' is flattened, non-astringent, of fair quality; bears an abundance of male flowers. Does well in Florida. 1

'Suruga'
Seedling of Hanagosho x Okugosho
Non-Astringent - Late Season
Diospyros kaki
200 hrs
'Sugura' persimmon 'Sugura' persimmon flower
Fig. 30
'Sugura' persimmon
Fig. 31
'Sugura' persimmon flower
'Sugura' persimmon 'Sugura' persimmon leaves
Fig. 32
'Sugura' persimmon
Fig. 33
'Sugura' persimmon leaves

'Suruga' (distributed in 1959); orange-red, non-astringent, very sweet, keeps well. 1 'Suruga' is the sweetest of the non-astringent types with soluble solids often over 20%. Red coloration in mature fruit is strong, and fruit imperfections are infrequent. Seeded crop loads must be thinned to prevent over production. The cultivar seems to have more problems with leaf defoliating pathogens than other cultivars. 3

'Tamopan'
Astringent - Late Season
Diospyros kaki
200 hrs
'Tamopan' persimmon 'Tamopan' persimmon
Fig. 34 magnifying glass Fig. 35 magnifying glass

Introduced from China in 1905, again in 1916 (S.P.I. Nos. 16912, 16921, 26773). Broad oblate, somewhat 4-sided; indented around the middle or closer to the base; 3 to 5 in (7.5-12.5 cm) wide; skin thick, orange-red; flesh light-orange, usually astringent until fully ripe, then sweet and rich. In some parts of China and Japan said to be non-astringent. Seedless or nearly so. Of medium quality; late (Nov.) in Florida; midseason in California. Was being grown commercially in North Carolina and at Glen St. Mary, Florida, in 1916. 1
‘Tamopan’ is a cultivar with large fruit having a circular depression around the top nearest the stem. The fruit is juicy, watery and stringy, with a thick peel. More than one cultivar of this tree exists, some of which have better fruit than the one described. 3 

'Tanenashi'
Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki
200 hrs
'Tanenashi'
Fig. 36 magnifying glass

'Tanenashi' or 'Tananashi', which means seedless (seed in Japanese=tane). Oval, 4-5”, skin - light yellow or orange, inside – dark orange-red, eaten soft (=astringent), very sweet, seedless, vigorous tree, prolific. Leading cultivar in SE USA. 5
The 'Tanenashi' Persimmon produces all male flowers, so that the sweet delicious fruit when ripe is seedless.
The astringent character of the 'Tanenashi' Persimmon can be avoided if the fruit is fully ripe and soft after picking from the tree.
The Southeastern U.S. was planted into huge acreages of Japanese 'Tanenashi' Persimmon Trees, where the trees will produce fruit reliably every year, but in California the 'Tanenashi' cultivar tends to bear in alternate years. 1
Productive throughout Florida.

‘Tanenashi’, the most popular astringent cultivar in Florida, matures heavy crops without pollination and will seldom set seed even if pollinated. It is usually desirable to thin the fruit to obtain some vegetative growth during the year. The fruit, often large, 3½" across, can weigh over ¾ of a pound. Skin color is deep yellow to orange when mature. flesh is orange, pasty, comparatively dry, and of acceptable quality. Soluble solids average 16%. Harvest duration may extend from September through November. It is a good tree for homeowners. 3

'Thriumph'
Astringent
Diospyros virginiana

Native American Persimmon. Smaller, 2-3" fruit, astringent, doesn't need cold to bloom, eaten soft.  A plum-like berry that is green before ripening, turning orange to black when ripe, 3/4 to 2 inches in diameter. Cold hardy.
'Triumph' oblate, faintly 4-sided; of small to medium size; skin yellowish to dark orange-red. Flesh yellowish-red, translucent, soft, juicy; seedless or with 5 to 8 seeds; astringent until fully ripe, then sweet. Of high quality. Medium-late. In Florida begins in September and lasts until mid-November.  Productive throughout the state including South Florida. 1

'Yotsumizo'
Astringent
Diospyros kaki
'Yotsumizo' persimmon 'Yotsumizo' persimmon flower
Fig. 37
'Yotsumizo' persimmon
Fig. 38
'Yotsumizo' persimmon flower
'Yotsumizo' persimmon 'Yotsumizo' persimmon leaves
Fig. 39
'Yotsumizo' persimmon
Fig. 40
'Yotsumizo' persimmon leaves

'Yokono'
Astringent
Diospyros kaki

'Yokono' is large, orange-red, astringent, of good quality; bears well but tends to shed fruit; keeps well. 1

'Yomato Hyakume'
Astringent - Mid Season
Diospyros kaki

‘Yomato Hyakume’ is a pollination variant type, but will not have a great deal of dark flesh around the seeds. The fruit are large with a deep orange-red color. Concentric ring cracking often occurs. This cultivar is a heavy annual cropper with good fall leaf retention. It is excellent for dried fruit and is one of the best astringent types. 3



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Bibliography

1 Morton, J. "Japanese Persimmon." hort.purdue.edu.  Fruits of warm climates, p. 411–416. 1987. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.
2 "Diospyros kaki." ars-grin.gov. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. N.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.
3 Miller, E.P. and Crocker, T.E. "Oriental Persimmon in Florida." edis.ifas.ufl.edu. This document is SP 101, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Publication date: April 1994. Archived. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
4 "Persimmon." crfg.org. 1996. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
5 "Diospyros kaki." toptropicals.com. N.d.Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
6 "Persimmon." justfruitsandexotics.com. N.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

Photographs

Fig. 1,2,3,4,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,30,31,32,33,37,38,39 Smith, J. Diospyros kaki. N.d. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resouces Program. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. ars-grin.gov. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.
Fig. 7 Gillum, A., Mark, W. and Reimer, J. SelecTree. Diospyros kaki 'Hachiya' Photo Record. 1995-2012. Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute.  selectree.calpoly.edu. Web. 11 Mar 2015.
Fig. 34,35 'Tamopan' persimmon. 2008. fruitspecies.blogspot.com. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
Fig. 5,6,24,25,26,27,28,29,36 'Giombo', 'Great Wall', 'Masumoto', 'Nikita's Gift', 'Ormond', ‘Saijo’, 'Sheng', 'Tanenashi'. N.d. justfruitsandexotics.com. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

Published 18 Nov. 2014 LR. Last update 13 Mar. 2015 LR
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