Pineapple Guava Varieties





In humid coastal climates, 'Improved Coolidge' (also called 'Edenvale Improved Coolidge'), 'Edenvale Late', 'Edenvale Supreme', 'Mammoth', and 'Moore' are good choices. 'Triumph' is commercially popular because it stores well, but the flesh tends to be grainier than most. (Grainy flesh can occur in other varieties, too; its likely causes are plant variability and cultural conditions.)

'Nazemetz' and 'Trask' produce well in warm climates. 'Coolidge' also bears fruit in warm climates, but size is inconsistent. 1
It has been said that feijoa pollen is transferred by birds that are attracted to and eat the flowers, but bees are the chief pollinators. Most flowers pollinated with compatible pollen show 60 to 90% fruit-set. Hand-pollination is nearly 100% effective. One should plant 2 or more bushes together for cross-pollination unless the cultivar is known to be self-compatible. Poor bearing is usually the result of inadequate pollination. 3

'Andre'
'Andre' (the original air-layer from Brazil), has a medium to large, oblong to round fruit, rough-surfaced, light-green, thick-fleshed, few-seeded; richly flavored and very aromatic. Seedlings are upright, spreading to intermediate. Self-fertile; bears heavily. 2

'Beechwood'
Sweet, edible ; self-fruiting but more fruitful with pollination. 2

'Besson'
'Besson' (seeds from Uruguay in 1899) has small to medium, oval, smooth fruits with red or maroon cheek; thin-skinned, with medium-thick, fine-grained flesh, very juicy pulp, numerous seeds, and rich, aromatic flavor. Seedlings are upright or spreading. This is the type grown in southern India. Both 'Andre' and 'Besson' have long been prominent in France. 2

'Bliss'
Is partially self-incompatible. 2

'Choiceana'
Originated in Australia.
Small to medium-sized, round to oval fruit, 2 to 3-1/2 inches long. Skin fairly smooth. Flavor and quality good. Ripens in midseason. Tree moderately vigorous, spreading. Almost or always, but not less than 42% self-fertile. 3

'Coolidge'
Originated in Australia prior to 1908.
Small to medium-sized fruit, 4 or more inches in length and 2-1/2 inches in diameter. Form pyriform to oblong or elongated. Skin somewhat wrinkled. Flavor mild, indifferent quality. Tree upright and strong growing, a reliable and heavy bearer, 100% self-fertile. The most widely planted cultivar in California. 3

'David'
Has round or oval fruits with skin of sweet and agreeable flavor; matures in November in Europe. 2

'Edenvale Improved Coolidge'
Originated in Santa Cruz, Calif. by Frank Serpa of Edenvale Nurseries.
Large, oblong fruit of very good to excellent flavor and quality. Ripens in October. Tree slow growing. Self-fertile, precocious and productive. Grows best in climates similar to cool, coastal ares of southern California. 3

'Edenvale Late'
From Edenvale Nurseries.
Medium-sized, oblong fruit of very good to excellent flavor and quality. Ripens late, in January,and over a long period of time.
Tree slow growing. Self-fertile, very productive. Grows best in climates similar to cool, coastal areas of southern California. 3

'Edenvale Supreme'
From Edenvale Nurseries.
Medium-sized, oblong fruit of very good to excellent flavor and quality. Ripens late, in January,and over a long period of time. Tree slow growing. Self-fertile, very productive. Grows best in climates similar to cool, coastal areas of southern California. 3

'Hehre'
It is reported that a man named H. Hehre of Los Angeles got seeds from Argentina and among the seedlings he raised there was one that seemed superior to the others and was earlier bearing. It became known as the 'Hehre' variety. The fruit is large, slender-pyriform, sometimes curved; yellow-green, with thin skin, finely granular flesh, abundant, very juicy pulp, fairly numerous and larger than ordinary seeds, sweet but not aromatic flavor; seedlings erect, compact, vigorous, with lush foliage but only moderately fruitful. 2

'Hirschvogel'
Is highly self-incompatible. 2

'Magnifica'
A selected seedling with very large fruits of inferior quality. 2

'Nazemetz' ('Nazemeta')
Originated in San Diego, Calif. by Alexander Nazemetz.

Large, pear-shaped fruit, averaging 3 ounce in weight. Side walls moderately thin. Pulp translucent and sweet. Flavor and quality excellent. Ripens in late October to mid-December. Unlike that of many other cultivars, the pulp of Nazemetz does not darken after being cut or as it ripens, but retains its clear color. Tree self-fertile, but bears most heavily when cross-pollinated. Good pollinator for Trask. 3

'Pineapple Gem'
Originated in Azusa, Calif. by Monrovia Nursery.
Small, round fruit of good to very good quality. Mid to late season ripening. Tree self-fruitful but bears heavier crops if pollinated. Does poorly under cool, coastal conditions. 3

'Robert'
'Robert' has oval fruits with grainy flesh, and undesirable brownish leaves. 2 Early (maturing up to 2 months earlier) ; medium-size, very uniform oval fruits ; juicy but somewhat gritty ; when not cross-pollinated well, produces some hollow fruit.  2

'Roundjon'
Has oval or rounded fruits, somewhat rough-skinned and red-blushed; of agreeable flavor; matures in November in Europe. 2

'Smith'
Medium to large fruits ; reliable and abundant in the Pacific Northwest USA. 2

'Superba'
'Superba' has round to slightly oval, medium smooth, medium to small fruits of good flavor; self-sterile, requiring another cultivar for pollination. The plant is spreading, straggly in habit and of medium vigor. 2

'Trask'
Originated as a bud sport of Coolidge. Medium to large, oblong fruit, up to 3-1/2 inches long and weighing 3 to 5 ounces. Rough, dark green skin. Shells thicker and grittier than Coolidge. Flavor and quality good to very good. Ripens early. Tree self-fertile, but most productive when cross-pollinated. Precocious. Ideal pollinator for Nazemetz. 2





'Unique'
Sweet, flavorful ; vigorous, robust (8-10 ft) ; self-fruit but more fruitful with pollination, one of the more "loaded" clones even bearing well on younger plants.  2

The two leading New Zealand cultivars are selections made there from 'Choiceana' seedlings: 'Triumph'
 and 'Mammoth' 2

'Triumph'
Selected in New Zealand from seedlings of the 'Choiceana' cultivar.
Short, oval, plump fruits., not pointed as those of 'Coolidge', medium to large. Skin uneven but firm. Flesh somewhat gritty but with good seed to pulp ratio. Excellent sharp flavor. Ripens to mid-season. Tree upright, of medium vigor. Bears heavily if pollinated. Good pollinator for 'Mammoth'  2

'Mammoth'
Has oval fruits, sweet, edible quality, resembling those of 'Coolidge'; large, to 8 1/2 oz (240 g); somewhat wrinkled.  Self-fruiting but more fruitful with pollination. The plant is of upright habit, and strong-growing. In 1979, 'Mammoth', 'Coolidge', and 'Triumph' grown from cuttings were being advertised in the New Zealand journal of Agriculture as suitable for export. 2

Two new New Zealand cultivars, of which 20,000 plants had been sold in 1983, are 'Apollo', with thin skin subject to bruising and purpling; and 'Gemini', having very small fruits with thin skin. The Association recommends that growers plant the tried and true 'Triumph'. 2

'Apollo'
Medium to large, oval fruit. Smooth, thin, light-green skin with blue-green surface bloom, subject to bruising and purpling. Pulp well-developed, slightly gritty. Flavor very pleasant, quality excellent. Ripens mid to late-season. Tree upright and spreading, to 8 ft. tall, vigorous and productive. Self-fertile, and will pollinate Gemini. 3

'Gemini'
Fruit small to medium, egg-shaped. Skin very smooth, thin, dark green with a heavy bloom. Flavor and texture excellent. Ripens in early autumn, earlier than Apollo. Tree upright, spreading, to 8 ft tall. Moderately vigorous, high yielding, partially self-fruitful, but cross pollination is recommended for best fruit quality. 3

Among Australian selections are 'Large Oval' and 'Chapman'.



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Bibliography

1 "Tropical tough guy." thefreelibrary.com. Sunset Publishing Corp., 1988. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.
2  Morton, J. "Feijoa." hort.purdue.edu. Fruits of warm climates, p. 367-370, 1987. Web. 28 Aug. 2014.
3 "Feijoa". crfg.org. 1996. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.

Published 18 Jan. 2014 LR. Last update 5 Apr. 2015 LR
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