|Pitomba - Eugenia luschnathiana Klotzsch & O.Berg|
Fruit, flesh and seeds
New leaf growth
Fruit being sold on Futuro Beach, Fortaleza, Brazil
Eugenia luschnathiana Klotzsch & O.Berg
In Brazil: uvalha do campo, ubaid do campo, or uvalheira
Eugenia duckeana Mattos; E. lucescens Nied.; Phyllocalyx luschnathianus O.Berg
Cherry of the Rio Grande, Eugenia aggregata; grumichama, E. brasiliensis; Surinam cherry, E. uniflora.
Fruit; specimen or screening hedges
Up to 25 ft (7.6 m)
Densely foliated; medium texture
Large shrub or small tree; evergreen; upright and compact habit
Short, single trunk, flaking grey bark 3
Evergreen; opposite, lanceolate, 2-3 in. (5.1-7.6 cm) long, dark and glossy
White, 4 petals; prominent tuft of white stamens; Apr. to June
Yellow, obovate, 1.5' diameter; smooth, thin, glossy skin
July, August; light fall crop
Full sun; tolerates part shade
It will grow on most soils
Aerosol salt tolerance
Soil salt tolerance
Excellent salt tolerance if in good condition nutritionally 4
27 °F (°C)
Shallow root systme
Susceptible to the Caribbean fruit fly
The Pitomba from W. Popenoe's book Manual of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits
Pitomba from Julia Morton's book Fruits of Warm Climates
Selected Eugenia Species Archived Publication from the University of Florida pdf 4 pages
The species is native to Brazil. It has been grown in south Florida since about 1914. 3
The pitomba is an attractive, small tree that produces and abundance of yellow, aromatic, cherrylike fruit. However, it is rarely seen outside of collections. While the pitomba is not likely to achieve commercial status in Florida, it makes an excellent dooryard crop and is worth planting on a broader scale. The treee is easy to care for and is relatively free of problems. However, the fruit is subject ot attack by the Caribbean fruit fly. 3
Snowy white yellow flowers up to an inch and a half across are borne during the spring months and the fruit ripens about a month to six weeks later. Flower season is usually April through June. 4
The fruit is broadly obovoid, about an inch long, with the apex crowned by 4 or 5 green sepals, about 1/2 inch long. The thin skin is a bright orange yellow. The soft, melting, juicy flesh is orange in color and aromatic, sweet to subacid in flavor. The fruit contains 1 to several seeds attached to one side of the seed cavity. The fruit matures from May to June and sometimes there is a light crop in the fall. The pitomba usually begins fruiting in about the fourth year after planting. 6
Pitombas are easily propagated by seeds, but superior varieties that have larger or better quality fruit can be veneer-grafted. There are no named varieties of pitomba available currently, but people do select from larger or more heavier bearing varieties and propagate those by grafting. Seeds are used by most nurserymen for propagation and seedlings take two or more years to begin fruiting. 4
Trees grow readily over a wide variety of soils, but have less micronutrient problems under acidic conditions. If grown close to the coast usually they have excellent salt tolerance if in good condition nutritionally. Trees prefer sun for optimum fruiting, but will tolerate partial shade. 4
It requires irrigation during establishment and during periods of drought. 3
The tree, like its cousin the cherry of the Rio Grande, may suffer from an unexplained dieback. This is rarely fatal. Maggots of the Caribbean fruit fly sometimes ruin the fruit. 3
Caribbean Fruit Fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew) from the University of Florida pdf 8 pages
No serious disease problems.
The fruits are there used mainly for jelly, preserves, and carbonated beverages. 2
Because of its slow growth habit, it makes an excellent container plant.
Eugenias, South American Berries from the Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Qld Inc
Pitomba from the Florida Gulfcoast University pdf
List of Growers and Vendors
1 "Eugenia luschnathiana." wikipedia.org. Web. 2 Mar. 2015.
2 Morton, J. "Pitomba". hort.purdue.edu. Fruits of warm climates, p. 392. 1987. Web. 2 Mar. 2015.
3 Boning, Charles. Florida's Best Fruiting Plants: Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs and Vines. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 104. 2006. Print.
4 Joyner, Gene. "The Pitomba." ifas.ufl.edu. Palm Beach
County Extension Service. N.d. Web. 6 Mar. 2015.
Fig. 1 Sergio, Antonio. UBAIA- Eugenia luschnathiana, Myrtaceae. 2006. flickr.com. Web. 2 Mar. 2015.
Fig. 9 Dieu, Barbara. Pitomba. 2009. flickr.com. Web. 2 Mar. 2015.* UF/IFAS Assessment of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas
** Information provided is not intended to be used as a guide for treatment of medical conditions.
Published 2 Mar. 2015 LR. Last update 26 Feb. 2017 LR