|Katuk - Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr.|
Tender Katuk leaves
SAW row-puss an-DROG-ah-nus 5
Babing, Binahian, Cangkuk Manis (Manis meaning sweet) (Malaysia), Chang Kok (Borneo), Chekkurmanis, Cherai, Hvaan baanz, mani cai (China), Phakwan-ban, NgubPak Wan (Thailand), Madhura cherai, Sayur Cekur Manis (Malaysia), Simani, Star gooseberry, Sweet leaf (Australia), Thavasai murungai 1
Euphorbiaceae – Spurge family 2
6' to 8'.
Space plants 2 ft to 4 ft apart.
Oval dark green.
Flowers later summer. In Java, it flowers year-round and fruiting is usually abundant. 1
The fruit can be white or purple
Perennial. Growth slows during the cold months and crops become unpalatable
USDA Hardiness Zones
11 - 12
Lowland tropical rainforest
Under-storey. Shade, or sun with extra water. It is well adapted to lowland tropical conditions and in Indonesia and Java it occurs from sea level to 1300 m in elevation 1
Katuk is fairly drought tolerant
Cold damage will occur at about 50°F (10°C)
Invasive potential *
pest free; sometimes a small amount of leaf damage from Leaf Miner
Sauropus androgynus (sweet leaf bush) from the Australian New Crops Newsletter pdf
Katuk Sweet Leaf Bush I from the Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
Katuk Sweet Leaf Bush II from the Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
Perennial. A rapidly growing warm season crop, growth slows during the colder months. Katuk is a multi-stemmed, dark green leaf understory shrub and is a staple in Borneo, some say tastes nutty and a little like green peas. Farmers in Malaysia force the growth of stem tips by fertilization, irrigation and the use of shade cloth.
Borneo, Indonesia, Southwest China, South Asia and Southeast Asia.
A very popular leaf vegetable with very high yields.
Cuttings: Plant mature or younger stems, the leafless stalks after harvesting leaves. Plants are usually propagated vegetatively, since the plant grows readily from cuttings. First harvest may be taken after 55-70 days 1
Seeds: Seed longevity is poor, seeds remain viable for only a few months.
Keep trimmed: two to six feet tall. Continued pruning will encourage new growth which will thrive if given regular fertilizer, plenty of water and some shade.
Medicinal Uses **
The leaves of Sauropus androgynus leaves has a high level of provitamin A carotenoids, especially in freshly picked leaves, as well as high levels of vitamins B and C, protein and minerals. Nutrient content of the leaves is usually higher in more mature leaves. Sauropus androgynus ethanolic plant extracts showed anti-inflammatory effects on nitric oxide inhibitory activity and antioxidant activity. 3
More... pdf 6 pages
Links of Interest
1 "Sauropus androgynus." ecocrop.fao.org. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. N.d. Web 12 Jul. 2014.
2 "Plant Profile." usda.gov. U. S. Department of Agriculture. N.d. Web 14 Jul. 2014.
3 Senthamarai Selvi. V and Anusha Basker “Phytochemical Analysis and GC-MS profiling in the leaves of Sauropus Androgynus (l) MERR,” ijddr.in. Int. J. Drug Dev. & Res., Jan-March 2012, 4(1): 162-167. Web. 10 Aug. 2013.
Arthur. "Sweet Leaf Bush II." Jul.
The Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia. Web. 12 Jul. 2014
Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 Jackson, Karen. "Katuk Series." 2013. JPEG file.
Assessment of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas
Published 11 Jul. 2013 KJ. Updated 23 Aug. 2014