Loquat Pests
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Adult female Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew)
Fig. 1 
Adult female Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew)
Loquat fruit are attacked by the Caribbean fruit fly (Anastrepha suspensa) and some caterpillars. Protect fruit from the Caribbean fruit fly by paper bagging the entire fruiting panicle.
Leaf and stem pests include various scales, aphids, beetles, weevils, caterpillars, and nematodes. Please contact your county extension agent for current control recommendations for loquat pest. 1



Caribbean Fruit Fly

Anastrepha suspensa

Since 1965, however, a new introduction of the pest into Florida has continued to spread and it now occurs in most of southern peninsular Florida, commonly north to Citrus and Volusia Counties, with isolated records north to Jacksonville (Ibrahim, 1980). Within the first three months following the discovery of A. suspensa in Florida in 1965, more than 14,000 adults were trapped in Dade County and identified by state entomologists. It has now developed into a major fruit fly problem for citrus and several other crops in Florida. 2

Larva(e)The endoparasitic braconid wasp, Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead), parasitizing larvae of the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew)Distribution of the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew), in Florida
Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4

Fig. 2.  Caribbean fruit fly A. suspensa (Loew) Larva(e)
Fig. 3.  The endoparasitic braconid wasp, Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead), parasitizing larvae of the Caribbean fruit fly, A. suspensa (Loew), ovipositing into fly larva in guava.
Fig. 4.  Distribution of the Caribbean fruit fly, A. suspensa (Loew), in Florida.

Use of Di. longicaudata is planned as part of a two-pronged attack on the Caribbean fruit fly involving the release of parasites and sterile Caribbean fruit flies.

Further Reading
Caribbean Fruit Fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew) from the University of Florida pdf 8 pages
A Parasitoid Wasp, Diachasmimorpha longicaudata from the University of Florida pdf

Bibliography

1 Crane, Jonathan H. and Caldeira M. Lilia. "Loquat Growing in the Florida Home Landscape". edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Document HS5, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Jan. 1980. Revised Nov. 2016. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.
2 Weems, H. V., Heppner, Jr., J. B., Fasulo, T. R. and Nation, J. L. "Caribbean Fruit Fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae)". edis.ifas.ufl.edu. This document is EENY-196 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars 38 and 260), one of a series of Featured Creatures from the Entomology and Nematology Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Published March 2001. Reviewed July 2014. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

Photographs

Fig. 1 Weston Lotz, Jeffrey . Caribbean Fruit Fly (female). 2005. Florida Department of Agriculture. commons.wikimedia.org. Web. 2 Feb. 2014.
Fig. 2 Caribbean fruit fly Anastrepha suspensa (Loew) larvae. 2010. Florida Division of Plant Industry Archive, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. bugwood.org. Web. 2 Feb. 2014.
Fig. 3 Lotz, Jeffrey. The endoparasitic braconid wasp, Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead), parasitizing larvae of the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew). N. d. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry. freshfromflorida.com. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.
Fig. 4 Steck, G. J. and Sutton, B. D. Distribution of the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew), in Florida. N.d. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry. freshfromflorida.com. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.

Published 7 Oct. 2014 LR. Last update 23 Mar. 2017 LR
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