Jackfruit Varieties



From the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida


Jackfruit Cultivar Descriptions Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Virtual Herbarium

There is limited experience on the performance of jackfruit cultivars under various conditions; however, initial evaluation of a number of cultivars has been completed.

Homeowners should evaluate their fruit preferences carefully prior to selecting a tree for the landscape.

Cultivar and origin

Growth habit and rate

Fruit size and weight (pds)

Fruit shape

Yield per tree (pds)

Season and months

Comments

Black Gold, Australia Open, spreading, fast Medium, 22 Long, tapered Heavy, 120-200 Late, Sept.-Oct. Tree easily pruned to maintain small tree (~8 ft.)

Cheena, Australia

Open, low spreading, moderate

Small, 5-10

Long, narrow, uniform Moderately heavy, 110-154 Mid, July-Aug. Hybrid with champedak (A. integer); tree easily pruned to maintain small tree (~8 ft)

Chompa Gob

Open, spreading, fast Medium, 12-20 Blocky, uniform Moderately heavy, 90-120 Mid, July-Aug. Easily pruned to maintain small tree size

Cochin, Australia

Sparse, upright, slow Small, 2-5

Round, irregular

Moderately heavy, 80-130 Early, June-July

Thinning the number of fruit recommended; tree easily pruned to maintain small tree (~ 8 ft)

Dang Rasimi, Thailand

Open, spreading, fast Medium-large, 18-20 Uniform oblong Very heavy, 165-275 Mid, July-Aug. Vigorous tree; annual pruning needed to maintain moderate size (~11 ft)
Gold Nugget, Australia Dense, spreading, fast Small, 7-12 Round Heavy, 132-176 Early, May-June Thinning number of fruit recommended; tree easily pruned to maintain small tree (~8 ft)
Honey Gold, Australia Sparse, spreading, slow-moderate Small to medium-small, 10-12 Blocky Moderate, 77-110 Mid, July-Aug. Thinning number of fruit recommended; tree easily pruned to maintain small tree (~8 ft)
J-30, Malaysia Vigorous, open, conical, fast Medium, 17-25 Uniform, oblong Moderately heavy, 110-132 Mid, July-Aug. Vigorous tree; annual pruning needed to maintain moderate size (~10 ft)
J-31, Malaysia Open, spreading, fast Large, 26 Irregular Moderately heavy, 92-132 Early, May-June Often off-season fruit; tree easily pruned to maintain small tree (~8 ft)

Kun Wi Chan, Thailand

Vigorous, dense, fast Large, 33-40 Uniform, round Very heavy, 242 Mid, July-Aug. Vigorous tree; annual pruning needed to maintain moderate size (~13 ft)
Lemon Gold, Australia Moderately dense, spreading, moderate Medium-small, 13 Blocky Moderate, 66-100 Mid, July-Aug. Vigorous tree; annual pruning needed to maintain moderate size (~12 ft)
NS1, Malaysia Dense, upright, moderate Small to medium-small, 9-12 Blocky Heavy, 200 Early, May-June Thinning number of fruit recommended for young trees; moderately vigorous tree; annual pruning to maintain moderate size (~10 ft)

Tabouey, Indonesia

Open, rounded, slow-moderate Medium-large to large, 20-25 Long, tapered Moderately heavy, 110-154 Late, Sept.-Oct. Thinning number of fruit recommended for young trees; moderately vigorous tree; annual pruning to maintain moderate size (~10 ft)


Pulp characteristics of jackfruit varieties

Cultivar

Color

Texture

Flat spines at ripening

% edible flesh

# seeds per fruit; seed %

Quality

Comments

Black Gold Deep orange Medium-firm to melting, soft No 35 192; 17 Good, sweet, aromatic Flesh easily removed
Cheena Deep orange Soft, melting, somewhat fibrous Yes 33 38; 11 Excellent, very aromatic Flesh easily removed
Cochin Yellow to orange Firm to crunchy Yes 35-50 35; 7 Good, mild Sometimes "rag" edible

Chompa Gob

Orange Firm Yes 30 200; 7 Good, mild flavor Texture of excellent quality
Dang Rasimi Deep orange Firm to soft No 32 187; 12 Mild, sweet flavor, pleasant aroma Flesh thin walled
Golden Nugget Deep orange Soft to medium firm Yes 41 79; 13 Excellent flavor Fruit may split after heavy rains
Honey Gold Dark yellow to orange Firm Yes 36 42; 5 Sweet, rich flavor and aroma Flesh thick walled, excellent texture
J-30 Deep orange Firm Yes 38 200; 9 Sweet rich flavor and aroma Flesh thick walled, excellent texture
J-31 Deep yellow Firm Yes 36 180; 18 Sweet rich flavor, earthy aroma Fruit rarely splits, excellent texture
Kun Wi Chan Yellow Moderately firm to soft No 29 210; 11 Mild, pleasant flavor Generally considered of mediocre quality
Lemon Gold Lemon yellow Firm Yes 37 104; 14 Sweet and aromatic flavor Flesh thick walled
NS1 Dark orange Firm Yes 34 63; 5 Sweet rich flavor Excellent texture
Tabouey Light yellow Firm No 40 250; 12 Mild, pleasant flavor, very little aroma Fruit may split, often irregular


'Black Gold' Black Gold" Jakfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus / Moraceae) at the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Gables, Florida'Cochin'

Fig. 1

'Black Gold'

Fig. 2 
'Black Gold'

Fig. 3 

'Cochin'

'Gold Nugget'

'Kun Wi Chan'

Fig. 4 

'Gold Nugget'

Fig. 5 

'Kun Wi Chan'




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Bibliography

Crane, Jonathan H., Balerdi, Carlos F. and Maguire, Ian. "Jackfruit Growing in the Florida Home Landscape." edis .ifas.ufl.edu. This document is Fact Sheet HS-882, one in a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Publication date May 2002. Revised Oct. 2005 and Nov. 2016. Web. 17 Jan. 2017.

Photographs

Fig. 1 Maguire, Ian. "'Black Gold' Jackfruit". N.d. trec.ifas.ufl.edu. From the Tropical Fruit Photography Picture Archive. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 2 Thaumaturgist, Ghosh Asit K. 'Black Gold' Jakfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus / Moraceae) at the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Gables, Florida. 2007. commons.wikimedia.org. Under (CC BY-SA 3.0). Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

Fig. 3 "Artocarpus heterophyllus, Artocarpus integrifolius var. 'Cochin'". N.d. toptropicals.com. Top Tropicals Tropical Plant Catalog. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Fig. 4 Maguire, Ian. "'Gold Nugget' Jackfruit". N.d. trec.ifas.ufl.edu. From the Tropical Fruit Photography Picture Archive. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Fig. 5 Maguire, Ian. "'Kun Wi Chan' Jackfruit". N.d. trec.ifas.ufl.edu. From the Tropical Fruit Photography Picture Archive. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Published 18 Dec. 2014 LR. Last update 19 Jan. 2017 LR

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