|Jackfruit - Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.|
Synonyms: Artocarpus integrifolius Auct.; A. integra Merr.
Relatives in the same family: Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), fig (Ficus sp.), mulberry (Morus sp.), champedak (A. integer), kwai muk
(A. lingnanensis), Ficus benjamina. 1
Yield: Typically weigh 10 to 40 pounds
Season: May to November
Damage temp. 28F
PH preference: 5.0-7.5
Light requirement: Full sun to partial shade
USDA zones: 10-11
The jackfruit is an attractive, wind resistant tree from India that bears large green fruits directly from its main branches and trunk. The yellow, orange, or pink flesh within the ripe fruit from selected varieties are sweet and juicy with a crisp texture and pleasant aroma. The tree is generally deep rooted with a strong taproot facilitating firm anchorage, and greater resistance to drought as well as high wind.
Jackftuit Appearance and Pollination by the University of Florida pdf 16 pages
Jackfruit may be propagated by seed, grafting, and cuttings. In some areas, seed propagation is still used. Jackfruit from seed may be more precocious than many other fruit, and trees may begin production in the 3rd to 4th year. Seeds should be collected from trees that have regular, high yields and that also have good horticultural characters, such as insect, disease, and nematode resistance, proper fruit size and excellent pulp quality. Seeds are relatively short lived and may be stored up to about 30 days. In south Florida, seedlings and grafted trees are used. 1
may be eaten as a vegetable when picked at an immature stage or eaten
fresh when picked at a mature stage and allowed to ripen. Immature
fruit are usually 1 to 3 months old, are green and may be harvested for
How to tell when it is ripe from the Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
Cool temperatures (<60oF; 16oC) may delay ripening. The proper storage temperatures for jackfruit have not been determined. Fruit pulp may be stored in the refrigerator and fully ripe fruit segments may be placed in polyethylene bags and frozen for later use. 1
The seeds from ripe fruits are edible, are said to have a milky, sweet taste, and may be boiled, baked or roasted. When roasted the flavor of the seeds is comparable to chestnuts. Seeds are used as snacks either by boiling or fire roasted, also used to make desserts. For making the traditional breakfast dish in southern India: idlis, the fruit is used along with rice as an ingredient and jackfruit leaves are used as a wrapping for steaming. Jackfruit dosas can be prepared by grinding jackfruit flesh along with the batter. Jackfruit wood is widely used in the manufacture of furniture, doors and windows, and in roof construction. The heartwood is used by Buddhist forest monastics in Southeast Asia as a dye, giving the robes of the monks in those traditions their distinctive light-brown color. 3
Jackfruit, the National Fruit of Bangladesh from the Indian Council of Agriculture Research, Govt. of India
Selling jackfruit in Bangkok
Jackfruit wood is widely used in the manufacture of furniture, doors and windows, and in roof construction. The heartwood is used by Buddhist forest monastics in Southeast Asia as a dye, giving the robes of the monks in those traditions their distinctive light-brown color.
"A new generation of jackfruit includes smaller varieties" from Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
Curator's Choice Jackfruit from Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
Jackfruit Hints from from the Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
Jackfruit Tips From Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforesty
A guide to jackfruit cultivation from the Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
A Guide to Artocarpus Fruits from the Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
Jackfruit from the Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
Check our List of Growers & Vendors
1 Crane, Jonathan H., Balerdi, Carlos F. and Maguire, Ian. "Jackfruit Growing in the Florida Home Landscape." edis .ifas.ufl.edu. This document is Fact Sheet HS-882, one in a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Publication date May 2002. Major revision October 2005. Reviewed July 2013. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
2 Morton, J. "Jackfruit." hort.purdue.edu. Fruits of warm climates, p. 58-64. 1987. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
3 "Jackfruit." wikipedia.org. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 1,6,17 Maguire, Ian. Jackfruit. N.d. trec.ifas.ufl.edu. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 7 Artocarpus heterophyllus. N.d. Top Tropicals Tropical Plant Catalog. toptropicals.com. Web 21 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 2,3,4,5,13,16,26,28,29 Kwan. Artocarpus heterophyllus. 2010. natureloveyou.sg. Web 21 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 8,9,10,11 Brown, S.H. and Crane, Jonathan.Jackfruit: Pollination. N.d. PPP Jackfruit, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Appearance and Pollination. edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
Fig.18 Robitaille, Liette. "Jackfruit Series". 2014. growables.org. Web 21 Dec. 2014. File JPG
Fig. 19,21 Popovkin, Alex. Artocarpus heterophyllus. 2007. flicrk.com. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
Fig.20 Jackson, Karen. "Jackfruit Series". 2014. growables.org. Web 21 Dec. 2014. File JPG
Fig. 23 Aznaturalist. Extracting the jackfruit arils and separating the seeds from the sweet flesh. 2012. wikipedia.org. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.Fig. 22 Maguire, Ian. Cleaning a ripe jackfruit. N.d. trec.ifas.ufl.edu. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
Fig. Ahoerstemeier. Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) fruit on the tree. 2003. In Chaiya, Surat Thani Province, Thailand. wikipedia.org. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 24 Flyingbird. Jackfruit chips. 2003. wikipedia.org. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 25 Mullookkaaran. Jackfruit flesh. 2012. wikipedia.org. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 27 Balaram Mahalder. Jackfruit, the national fruit of Bangladesh. 2011. commonswikipedia.org. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 30 Xufanc. Selling jackfruit in Bangkok. 2012. wikipedia.org. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.
Published 17 Dec. 2014 LR. Updated 26 Feb. 2015 LR