Peanut Butter Tree - Bunchosia glandulifera (Jacq.) Kunth
Peanut Butter tree fruit
Fig. 1 

Ripe fruit
Fig. 2 magnifying glass
Ripe fruit

Peanut Butter tree fruit flesh
Fig. 3 magnifying glass

Leaves habit
Fig. 4 magnifying glass

Underside of leaf
Fig. 5 magnifying glass
Underside of leaf

Inflorescense
Fig. 8 magnifying glass

Flower habit
Fig. 9 magnifying glass

Fruit forming
Fig. 13 magnifying glass
Fruit forming

Immature fruit
Fig. 14 magnifying glass
Immature fruit

Diffferent stages of maturity
Fig. 15 magnifying glass
Diffferent stages of maturity

Plant growth habit
Fig. 18 magnifying glass
Plant growth habit

Top
Scientific name
Bunchosia glandulifera (Jacq.) Kunth
Bunchosia glandulifera was already described and the name validly published by Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin. It was Karl Sigismund Kunth, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics 5
Common names
English: Monk’s  Plum,  Peanut Butter Fruit, Peanut Butter Tree; French: cafe bois, cafe moka, Bunchoise Des Andes; Japanese: Ameishia, arumeniaka, Bunkoshia, Piinattsu bataa furuutsu;
Lithuanian: Abrikosinė andenė; Peru: Cansaboca, Huánuco; Portuguese: Ameixa-Do-Peru, Ameixa–Do-Para, Caferana, Cafezinho, Caramel; Russian: Bunkhoziia abrikosovaia; Spanish: ciruela, cafe falso
Synonyms
Bunchosia emarginata var. martinicensis Urb. & Nied., B. hypoleuca Miq., B. martinicensis (Urb. & Nied.) Small, Malpighia glandulifera Jacq. 4
Family
Malpighiaceae
Origin
Native to South America and the West Indies
USDA hardiness zones
10
Uses
Fruit
Height
10-15 ft (3.05-4.57 m)
Plant habit
Shrub or tree like; starts fruiting within 2-3 years from seed
Growth rate
Moderate
Leaves
Wavy at the margins; underside slightly hairy; simple, entire, opposite
Flowers
Arranged in racemes (Fig. 5)
Fruit
Drupe; round, dark red, rich, sweet flesh; texture similar to peanut butter
Season
Summer
Light requirement
Sun, part shade
Soil tolerances
Prefers fertile with organic matter 8
PH preference
6-7.6
Drought tolerance
Prefers moist soil
Cold tolerance
28°F (-2°C) 9
Invasive potential *
Not known
Known hazard
The seed or pit is said to be poisonous

Top



Reading Material

Peanut Butter Fruit or Plant by Arthur Lee Jacobson



Bunchosia argentea *, commonly known as Peanut Butter Fruit, is a species of flowering plant in the acerola family, Malpighiaceae, that is native to Venezuela and Colombia in South America. It produces small orange fruits with sticky, dense pulp and a flavour resembling that of dried figs or peanut butter, hence the name. Additionally, the scent is unmistakably of peanut butter. Mostly eaten fresh, also used for jellies, jams, or preserves. It is cultivated in South Florida. It is one plant on display at the "Living with the Land" attraction at the Epcot, Disney World, Orlando. 1
* B. glandulifera - usually misidentified in U.S. horticulture as Bunchosia argentea 7

Origin

Native to Northern and Western South America: Venezuela and Columbia. Naturalized In Southern America: Caribbean (Grenada; Guadeloupe; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico); Northern and Western South America: Guayana; Suriname, Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru and Brazil.

Description
This attractive tree has clusters of yellow flowers that are followed by an abundance of dark red fruit to around 2.5cm long. The rich, sweet flesh has a texture similar to peanut butter. 

Leaves
The two species are easily distinguished. In B. argentea (Jacq.) DC. the leaves are flat, and the back side of the leaf is silvery due to very dense appressed hairs that completely hide the epidermis (the name "argentea" refers to that silvery indument).
In B. glandulifera the leaves are notably wavy at the margin (Fig. 10) ; on the back side of the leaf there are hairs, but they are not nearly dense enough to hide the epidermis (Fig. 9). All the photos seen on other websites of plants that are supposed to be B. argentea are actually B. glandulifera. As far as is known, B. argentea is not and never has been cultivated. 3

Leaf margins wavyLeaf growth pattern
Fig. 6 magnifying glass Fig. 7 magnifying glass

Flowers

Flower habitFlowersFlowering branch
Fig. 10 magnifying glass Fig. 11 magnifying glass Fig. 12 magnifying glass

Fruit
Mature fruit and new flowersFruit cluster
Fig. 16 magnifying glass Fig. 17 magnifying glass

Harvesting
When the fruit is dark red

Propagation
By seed

Food Uses
The fruit can be eaten fresh or made into milk shakes.

General
The generic name honours Marcello Malpighi, a 17th-century Italian physician and botanist. 2
One species, B. glandulifera (Jacq.) H. B. K., is cultivated as a decorative small tree in towns and cities throughout much of South America and in Cuba, and its large red-orange fruits are eaten (see discussion in W. R. Anderson, 2001a, p. 103). At some point B. glandulifera was introduced to the horticultural trade in the United States as "B. argentea", and it is widely sold under that name. 3
The name Bunchosia is said to come from an Arabic word, bunchos, meaning coffee, for the resemblance of the seed-containing pyrenes of the fruit to the mericarps of Coffea arabica. 6



List of Growers and Vendors


Top
Bibliography

1 "Brunchosia argentea." wikipedia.org. Web. 9 Feb. 2015.
2 Quattrocchi, Umberto. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. 3. p. 1601. ISBN 978-0-8493-2673-8. 2000. Print.
3 Anderson, W. R., Anderson, C. and Davis, C. C. "Malpighiaceae, Bunchosia H.G.K." herbarium.lsa.umich.edu/malpigh/index.html. University of Michigan, Herbarium. Web. 9 Feb. 2015.
4 Bunchosia glandulifera (Jacq.) Kunth. theplantlist.org. Web. 26 Dec. 2016.
5 Bunchosia glandulifera. hortipedia.com. Web. 26 Dec. 2016.
6 Anderson, W. R., Anderson, C. and C. C. Davis. Malpighiaceae, Bunchosia H.G.K. herbarium.lsa.umich.edu/malpigh/index.html. Web. 26 Dec. 2016.
7 Jacobson, Arthur Lee. "Peanut-butter Fruit or Plant." arthurleej.com. 2011. Web. 8 Jan. 2015.
8 Lim, T. K. "Edible Medical and Non-Medical Plants Volume 3, Fruits."  p. 150. 2012. Print.
9 Morton, Julia F. "Fruits of Warm Climates." 1987. Print.

Photographs

Fig. 1,10,11,13,14 Jackson, Karen. Peanut Butter Tree Series. 2013. growables.org. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Fig. 2,3,7,8,16,17.18 Brunchosia argentea. N.d. toptropicals.com. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Fig. 4,5,6 Robitaille, Liette. Peanut Butter Leaves. 2014. growables.org. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Fig. 9 Howard, R.A.  Bunchosia glandulifera. N.d. Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany. collections.nmnh.si.edu. Under (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0). Web. 26 Dec. 2016.
Fig. 12 techieoldfox. Flowering branch. N.d. tropical.theferns.info.  Under (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0). Web. 1 Mar. 2017.
Fig. 15 Ghosh, Asit K., Thaumaturgist. Fruits of the Peanut Butter Fruit (Bunchosia argentea/Malpighiaceae) tree. 2007. commons.wikimedia.org. At ECHO (Educational Concerns for Health Organization), Ft. Myers, Florida. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.

UF/IFAS Assessment of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas
** Information provided is not intended to be used as a guide for treatment of medical conditions.

Published 10 Feb. 2015 LR. Last update 2 Mar. 2017 LR
© 2013 - growables.org
about credits disclaimer sitemap updates