|Canistel, Eggfruit - Pouteria campechiana
Damage temp. 28F
PH preference: 5.5-7.5
Soil: Tolerance to sandy or limestone soils
Light requirement: Full sun
Wind: Superior wind resistance
Drought: Well-established canistel trees are tolerant of long periods of dry soil conditions
Flooding: Canistel is considered moderately tolerant and may survive several days of excessively wet or flooded soil conditions
Salt: No salt tolerance
Cold: not cold tolerant
Common Names: canistel, egg-fruit, ti-es, and yellow sapote (English), siguapa, zapotillo, zapote amarillo, and sapote mante (Spanish), tiesa (Philippino), lamut kahamen, khe maa, and to maa (Thai).
Its binomial name is derived from the Mexican town of Campeche, where it is native.
Fruit shape ranges from spindle-shaped to round to obovate; commonly with a pointed apex. Fruit range in size from 3 to 5 inches
(8-13 cm) long and 2 to 3 inches (5-8 cm) in diameter. The peel is thin, waxy, smooth, green when immature and bright yellow to bright orange when ripe. The pulp is relatively firm, smooth, creamy, sweet, and also bright yellow to orange when ripe; the pulp of
incompletely ripe fruit is dry and mealy. The pulp of ripe fruit may be dry to moist and mealy to smooth in texture. The fruit have 1 to 5 glossy brown seeds. 1
When to Harvest: The fruits are yellow to orange when they are mature and it is the time to be picked. As they soften, the skin texture changes from glossy to dull. The fruit can be stored at room temperature for 3 to 10 days for ripening. 2
sized tree in Florida (20 to 25 ft; 6.1-7.6 m), but capable of being a
large tree to 50+ ft (15 m) with an upright growth habit.
Look for grafted trees, not seedlings. Seedling trees will grow well, but they will take many years to fruit and will be of unknown and most likely inferior quality. Grafted trees can be purchased from local tropical fruit nurseries and specialty sales throughout
South Florida. 2
The Inverted Root Graft: Applications for the Home Garden in Florida from the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden pdf
Diseases and Pests
Few pests and diseases attack the canistel. In Florida only scale insects and the fungi, Acrotelium lucumae (rust); Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (fruit spot); Elsinoë lepagei (leaf spot and scab); and Gloeosporium (leaf necrosis) have been recorded for this species. The tree is nearly always vigorous and healthy. 1
Several diseases attack canistel leaves, including scab and leaf-spot (Elsinoe lepagei), leaf-spot (Phyllosticta sp.), black leaf-spot (Phyllachora sp.), leaf necrosis (Gloeosporium sp.). Fruit may be attacked by anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) and rust (Acrotelium lucumae), and roots may be attacked by Pythium sp. Contact your local county extension agent for current control recommendations for more information. 1
Pouteria campechiana from the World Agroforesty Center pdf 5 pages
The Canistel from the Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia
Canistel (Pouteria campechiana) from Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
List of Growers & Vendors
1 Crane, Johathan H. and Balerdi, Carlos F. "Canistel Growing in the Florida Home Landscape." edis.ifas.ufl.edu. This document is HS1049, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Publication date Nov. 2005. Reviewed July 2013. Web. 25 Sept. 2014.
2 Ledesma, Noris. "The Canistel, A Winter Fruit for South Florida." fairchildgarden.org. 20 Apr. 2012. Web. 24 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 1,8,11 Pouteria campechiana. N.d. Top Tropicals Tropical Plant Catalog. toptropicals.com. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.
Fig. 2,3 Binayaraj. Pouteria campechiana. 2012. commons.wikimedia.org. Web. 26 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 10 Djatmiko, Wibowo. Pouteria campechiana fruits, sold at Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta. 2010. commons.wikimedia.org. Web. 26 Dec. 2014.
Fig. 4,5,13 Kwan. Pouteria campechiana. 2010. natureloveyou.sg. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.
Fig. 12 Starr, Forest and Kim. Habit at Kahanu Gardens NTBG Kaeleku Hana, Maui. 2009. starrenvironmental.com. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
Published Mar. 2014 LR. Updated 16 Jan. 2015 LR